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Date: 2024-06-24 Page is: DBtxt003.php L0700-SI-ENERGY

Progress in the technologies associeted with ENERGY have enabled much of the economic progress of the last 200 years

Open L0700-SI-ENERGY-flows-001

For example … OIL AND GAS ...
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… attention to the matter of oil pollution during production and transportation:
… and a whole lot more.

Forms of Energy
In the context of physical science, several forms of energy have been identified.
Open external link
Energy changing its manifestation
Open file 13158
As a ball falls freely under the influence of gravity, it accelerates downward, its initial potential energy converting into kinetic energy. On impact with a hard surface the ball deforms, converting the kinetic energy into elastic potential energy. As the ball springs back, the energy converts back firstly to kinetic energy and then as the ball re-gains height into potential energy. Energy conversion to heat due to inelastic deformation and air resistance cause each successive bounce to be lower than the last. Open file 13158

ENERGY from the PEOPLE / QUALITY OF LIFE dimension
Navigation to see ENERGY from the PEOPLE / QUALITY OF LIFE dimension

Member Companies of the OGCI
About the Oil and Gas Climate initiative ... The Oil and Gas Climate Initiative is designed to catalyze practical action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It is led by the heads of 10 oil and gas companies that aim to lead the industry response to climate change, OGCI member companies – BP, CNPC, Eni, Pemex, Reliance Industries, Repsol, Saudi Aramco, Shell, Statoil and Total which together represent one fifth of the world’s oil and gas production. The OGCI was established following discussions during the 2014 World Economic Forum Annual Meeting, and was officially launched at the UN Secretary General’s Climate Summit in New York in September 2014.
Noticably missing from this multi-company climate initiative are the big American companies like Exxon-Mobil, Chevron
Open external link to learn more about OGCI
Major consumers of LNG

Open file 11901

Proposed Coal-Fired Plants By Installed Capacity (MW)
Producing electricity using coal fired plants is the cause of one of the world's greatest existential risks
Open file 12937

Opne PDF ... Proposed Coal-Fired Plants By Installed Capacity (MW)

Alternative Fuels

DOE-Alternative-Fuels ... Clean-Cities-Overview ... Transforming Transportation Since 1993
Clean Cities strives to reduce U.S. dependence on petroleum. The program’s successes include the following:
■ Clean Cities projects and activities have saved more than 5 billion gallons of petroleum.
■ Clean Cities efforts have helped place more than 400,000 alternative fuel vehicles on the road and helped develop the fueling infrastructure to support them.
■ In 2012 alone, Clean Cities activities helped to avert more than 6.6 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions.
■ Over the program’s 21-year history, the number of local Clean Cities coalitions has grown from six in 1993 to nearly 100 today, representing about three-quarters of the U.S. population.
■ Nationwide, nearly 18,000 stakeholders in the public and private sectors count themselves as members in a local Clean Cities coalition.
■ Through the ARRA, Clean Cities supported 25 local and regional transportation projects with $300 million in federal funding, which in turn leveraged more than $500 million in investments by public- and private-sector partners.
Open PDF ... DOE-Alternative-Fuels-clean-cities-overview

Renewable Energy
Climate / Renewable Energy ... Cities taking the lead
Mayors Could Shift Nearly 42 Percent Of U.S. Electricity To Renewables By 2035 ... The U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Agreement is prompting more than 1,400 mayors to make their own pledges. Sierra-Club-RF100-Report-2017 ... ''
Open file 13371 Open PDF ... Sierra-Club-RF100-Report-2017


Industry Agenda Lobbying
WSPA ... Western States Petroleum Association
The oil industry PR machine fights back - powerpoint
Open PDF ... WSPA-western-states-petroleum-association-powerpoint

Sustainable Society Advocacy
Fossil fuels, fracking and solar energy
Paul Krugman on 'Here Comes the Sun' ... laying out a challenge to the fossil fuel advocates
Open file 1155

Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS)
Open PDF ... Engines-For-Change-Executive-Summary-2015
Open PDF ... Engines-For-Change-Full-Report-2015
Open PDF ... Engines-For-Change-Methodology-2015

ACEEE ... American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy
Open PDF ... ACEEE-Research-Report-2013-Summary
Open PDF ... ACEEE-Research-Report-2013
Open PDF ... ACEEE-Energy-Efficiency-in-the-United-States-2015

Bloomberg Reporting
BNEF_WP_Carbon-Risk-Valuation-Tool_131125 ... Bloomberg Carbon Risk Valuation Tool
In the last two years, the issue of ‘stranded assets’ has started to loom larger and larger, particularly in relation to the idea that climate change policy could induce the stranding of some conventional assets. Here we introduce a first-cut tool that helps illustrate the potential impact of stranding on a company’s earnings and share price.
● Investors are trying to understand what the valuation impacts of stranded assets could be on their holdings and whether these are material risks or not.
● The Bloomberg Carbon Risk Valuation Tool (CRVT), available on the Bloomberg Professional service at XLTP XCO2, offers a starting point to illustrate the potential impact on earnings and share price of companies, particularly those in extractive industries, under carbon pollution constraints.
● The tool offers five pre-built scenarios, plus the ability to adjust assumptions. The scenarios provide the ability to apply some of the ways in which stranded asset risks could manifest themselves.
Open PDF ... BNEF_WP_Carbon-Risk-Valuation-Tool_131125
Open PDF ... BNEF-Sustainable-Energy-in-America-Factbook-2015

Synapse Energy Economics
Synapse Energy Economics ... US-Renewables-Transmission-Issues-2015
Open PDF ... US-Renewables-Transmission-Issues-2015
Synapse Energy Economics ... Synapse-US-Costs-of-Integrating-Renewables-2015
Open PDF ... Synapse-US-Costs-of-Integrating-Renewables-2015

Open PDF ... Citi-GPS-Energy-Darwinism-II-2015

Energy Economics and Policy
Naomi Klein
KICK IT WHILE IT'S DOWN! ... Naomi Klein on why low oil prices could be a great thing
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Energy ... Economics
Naomi Klein
Baghdad Burns, Calgary Booms ... The Iraq War has set off one of the largest oil booms in history--and the race to mine the tar sands of Alberta is heading toward environmental disaster.
Open file 9211

Carbon ... Carbon War
Jeremy-Leggett-The-Winning-of-The-Carbon-War-part-01-March 2015
Open PDF ... Jeremy-Leggett-The-Winning-of-The-Carbon-War-part-01
Open PDF ... CarbonTracker-Unburnable-Carbon-2013
Open PDF ... CarbonTracker-Carbon-budget-checklist-2013

RMI ... Rocky Mountain Institute
Contains article by Amory Lovins about Reinventing Fire
Open PDF ... RMI-TheEconomicsofDemandFlexibilityExecSummary
Contains article by Amory Lovins about Reinventing Fire
Open PDF ... RMI-TheEconomicsofDemandFlexibilityExecSummary



Energy ... The Coal Sector ... 160512
The Decline Of The Coal Industry Is “Long-Term” And “Irreversible” according to Goldman Sachs
Open file 11208
Open PDF ... CREDO-Gmail-Say-NO-to-new-railroad-for-dirty-coal-150805
Open PDF ... SNL-Roster-of-US-coal-companies-turning-to-bankruptcy-continues-to-swell
Open PDF ... Ground-Truth-Trekking-Coal-True-Cost
Energy ... Coal ... The True Cost of Coal
The True Cost of Coal ... a paper prepared by GroundTruthTrekking
Open file 11555
Open PDF ... The-Cost-of-Clean-Coal
Open PDF ... GreenPeace-True-Cost-Coal-2008.pdf


New York Times / CNBC ... Insiders Sound an Alarm Amid a Natural Gas Rush ... 2011
Natural gas companies have been placing enormous bets on natural gas ... but it may not be economical
Open file 0110
'Fracking' is profitable, but how dangerous is it?
Fracking Companies Employing Psy-Ops Specialists for PR Campaigns Against Activists
Open file 2056
What are risks and advantages of 'fracking'
Fracking Company Cuts Off Clean Water Shipments to Community They Contaminated
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Fracking ... Gas Drilling's Environmental Threat
January 2012 ... Years After Evidence of Fracking Contamination, EPA to Supply Drinking Water to Homes in Pa. Town
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Fracking in New York State
Occupy and the New ork State Department of Environmental
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Fracking and risk
How fracking causes earthquakes
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Energy ... The Fracking Controversy
Ellen Cantarow ... Frack fight: A secret war of activists ... Opening any part of the country to fracking will certainly damage the environment, beyond the planet's abity to cope.
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Energy ... Fracking in the USA
Fracking in America ... With the US looking to ease its reliance on foreign oil, Fault Lines investigates the impact of natural gas extraction.
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Fracking in the USA
Questions about Fracking ... Fracking Linked to Earthquakes?
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Energy ... Fracking
Matt Damon Exposes Fracking in the film 'Promised Land'
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Energy ... Fracking
2013 ... California: Governor Brown Open to Science-Based Fracking Study
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Energy ... Fracking ... What chemicals are being used?
April 2013 Baker Hughes Goes Open Kimono on Fracking
Open file 8903
Energy ... Fracking ... USA
US to become 'net energy exporter' ... Shale gas boom rewrites geopolitical rules, as US is set to produce more petroleum than Saudi Arabia within a decade.
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Cooperstown Brewer Fights N.Y. Fracking Sought by EOG Resources
CEO of an upstate NY brewery concerned about the use of 'fracking' in the area
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Fracking Across the United States
Fracking Gone Wrong: Finding a Better Way
Open file 1846
Carbon Tracking Initiative ... CTI-US-Shale-Oil-and-Gas-Report
Open PDF ... CTI-US-Shale-Oil-and-Gas-Report
Open PDF ... API-Hydraulic-Fracturing-Best-Practices
Energy ... Fracking ... USA / Pennsylvania
Time to Stop Pennsylvania Fracking: Ban in New York Creates New Momentum ... Momentum builds in the Keystone State in the wake of its neighbor's surprise announcement.
Open file 8843


Open PDF ... EKR-Rate-regulatory-approval-key-US-role-global-energy-market-150601


Open PDF ... UCS-Nuclear-Power-and-Global-Warming-2007

Wood / Charcoal


Renewable energy ... algae
Grow Your Own Energy ... A NASA-backed experiment harvests algae for oil, releases fresh water.
Open file 3183


VIDEO that shows an interesting way of drilling for geothermal energy that is more convenient than conventional equipment
Open file 901
Renewable energy systems
Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) ... starting a discussion about what this might mean ... good and bad
Open file 903
Renewable geothermal
Renewable Geothermal ... starting a discussion about what this might mean ... good and bad
Open file 904


Open PDF ... DOE-Get-power-from-the-sun


Passive Solar

Open PDF ... Zonbak-Passive-Solar-Design

Solar-Cells-R1 ... TU Delft
Open PDF ... Solar-Cells-R1-CH1-Intro-to-PV-solar-energy.pdf
Solar-Energy: The Physics and Engineering of Photovoltaic Conversion, Technology and Systems
Access to a Kindle e-Book prepared by the Technical University at Delft
Open link
Renewable energy ... solar
Fox News Attacks ‘Failing’ Solar Company As Parent Company News Corp Invests In The Same Solar Company
Open file 1604
Solar power lights up Bangladesh
The Grameen Shakhti initiative ... Much of Bangladesh's rural population lived without electricity until low power solar systems transformed their lives.
Open file 1879
Open PDF ... Ecobalance_of_a_Solar_Electricity_Transmission
Open PDF ... Solar/GeneralMotors_SolarPower_2013
Open PDF ... Energy/Solar/german-us-pv-price-ppt
Open PDF ... Solar/NJ_SRP_Guidebook_2012
Open PDF ... PetraSolar_SmartSolar
Open PDF ... PVAfrica2014Guide
Open PDF ... SEER_BusinessPlan_130223c
Open PDF ... SEER_BusinessPlan_ExecSum_130222b
Solar PV Finance 2014
New Alignments? The Geopolitics of Gas and Oil Cartels and the Changing Middle East by Songying Fang, Amy Myers Jaffe, and Ted Temzelides†
Open PDF ... Solar PV Finance 2014
New Alignments? The Geopolitics of Gas and Oil Cartels and the Changing Middle East by Songying Fang, Amy Myers Jaffe, and Ted Temzelides†
Open PDF ... US-Residential-Solar-PV-Financing-Brochure
Executive Summary ... compilation of granular data on the U.S. solar market from nearly 200 utilities, state agencies, installers and manufacturers.
Open PDF ... US-Solar-Market-Insight-2017Q2

Green Buildings
Green Building
Renewable, clean but how costly? Brooklyn's Self-Powered Solar Building: A Game-Changer for Green Construction?
Open file 3155

Energy Finance
Open PDF ... Solar-PV-Finance-2014-Update-v1-3

US - DOE ... US Department of Energy

Open PDF ... US-DOE-Tracking-the-Sun-VIII-Report-2014
Open PDF ... US-DOE-Tracking-the-Sun-VIII-Report-2014-presentation
Open PDF ... US-DOE-Utility-Scale-Solar-Report-2013
Open PDF ... US-DOE-Utility-Scale-Solar-Report-2013-presentation

Renewable Tidal Energy
U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issues license for Verdant Power's Tidal Energy Project
Open file 2130


Wind power generation
VIDEO Renewable Energy Solution of the Month - Wind
Open file 1106
The problems of permitting offshore wind farms in the USA ... 2017
Open PDF ... Wind-Permitting-Article.pdf
Open PDF ... US-DOE-Wind-Technologies-Market-Report-2014
Open PDF ... US-DOE-Wind-Technologies-Market-Report-2014-presentation
Open PDF ... UK-ORE-Catapult-report-to-the-Offshore-Wind-Programme-Board-2015
US-DOE-Report-20percent-Wind-Energy-by-2030 ... a report from 2009
Open PDF ... US-DOE-Report-20percent-Wind-Energy-by-2030
Renewable wind energy
Rhode Island ... Nation’s Smallest State Thinks Big When it Comes to Offshore Wind Farms
Open file 879
Open PDF ... Stanford-Dvorak-East-Coast-wind-possibilities-2012
Open PDF ... GRL-Dvorak-etal-US-East-Coast-offshore-grid-2011
Open PDF ... Dvorak-etal-California-Wind-Energy-Potential-2010
Open PDF ... US-DOE-2014-Wind-Technologies-Market-Report-8.7
Open PDF ... CRS-US-Wind-Turbine-Manufacturing-Federal-Support-for-an-Emerging-Industry-2012
Open PDF ... Wind-O&M-Dallas-2017-Brochure-April-10-12.pdf


Environmental damage
Energy ... Environmental Damage
Sierra & Tierra: The Heroic Resistance of a Latino Community Besieged by Fracking
Open file 10656


Energy Transport ... Pipelines

XL Pipeline is complex issue
Rachel Maddow ... arguments being used to support the XL Pipeline. Issues are many: environment, risk, jobs, sustainability, climate change, national security, etc.
Open file 2091

Electricity Transmission

The US electric grid
Observation about the NorthEast US blackout in 2003 ... Major power outage hits New York, other large cities
Open file 1910


Energy Use ... Housing
Open PDF ... Energy-Multi-family-Housing-e135
Renewables and inadequate metrics
Grover Norquist Spreads Lies About Renewable Energy Standards
Open file 1767
A green efficient energy sector would help
Smart grid is part of an efficient energy secvtor ... It’s Time to Give Dynamic Pricing a New Name
Open file 1495


Energy ... New alignments in the Middle East
New Alignments? The Geopolitics of Gas and Oil Cartels and the Changing Middle East by Songying Fang, Amy Myers Jaffe, and Ted Temzelides†
Open PDF ... Energy ... New alignments in the Middle East

Energy Markets ... 2015 price disruption
Open PDF ... PwC-UK-new-energy-futures-October-2015
What role government
White House, Clinton Global Initiative Announce $4 Billion in Energy Retrofits
Open file 1559
Government support for renewable energy
SOLAR POWER ... Bush admin pushed Solyndra loan guarantee for two years 75
Open file 1578
German community self sufficient in energy
A small Bavarian town in Germany called Wildpoldsried produces 321% more energy than it uses
Open file 1583
Production and prices of petroleum
Time to Worry: World Oil Production Finishes Six Years of No Growth
Open file 1173
There Is No Energy Crisis, There is a Crisis of Ignorance
There Is No Energy Crisis, There is a Crisis of Ignorance
Open file 1107
Electric Utilities
Connecticut AG to join power probe ... Connecticut utility says 92% of customers were back online Sunday
Open file 1110
The question of energy
National Security ... USA ... The question of energy ... and the question of media priorities. Why Are We Hearing About This From The British Press?
Open file 1082
Open PDF ... US-Solar-Carport-Market-2014-2018-Brochure
Global stakes of Mideast turmoil .
Nouriel Roubini: Political unrest in oil-rich region threatens to double-dip the worldwide recession
Open file 0005
Natural gas: Getting fractious over fracking
Environmental campaigners that are raising fears over shale gas extraction might just be cutting off their nose to spite their face, argues Jon Entine
Open file 0006
Energy ... Environment
Natural Gas: Worse Than Coal? The Mother Jones Debate ... Natural Gas: Worse Than Coal? ... Natural gas burns cleaner, but extraction releases other gases like methane
Open file 0033
Energy ... Environment
The BP oil spill in the Gulf ... Riding the BP Gravy Train - See more at:
Open file 0035


Linkages ... Energy and Food
Country ... USA ... Energy ... The scam behind the rise in oil, food prices
The scam behind the rise in oil, food prices ... Speculation on the futures market, rather than supply and demand, is driving up costs, analysts say.
Open file 0046




Saudi Arabia and Iran spar over oil embargo
January 2012 ... Saudi oil minister dismisses Iranian threat to block Strait of Hormuz in case of international oil embargo on Tehran.
Open file 2057

Abu Dhabi

Open PDF ... NBAD-Financing-the-Future-of-Energy-UoC-PwC-2015


Iran tells Gulf states not to lift oil output
January 2012 ... Iran's OPEC envoy threatens 'consequences' if neighbouring states make up for oil shortfall caused by sanctions.
Open file 2058


Western oil firms remain as US exits Iraq
The end of the US military occupation does not mean Iraqis have full control of their oil.
Open file 1969


Nigeria ... Shell must own up, pay up and clean up
Shell must own up, pay up and clean up ... Oil spills have been devastating the Niger Delta region in Nigeria for decades
Open file 1684


Energy ... Countries ... Canada ... Trottier Energy Futures Project

Greenhouse-Gas-Emissions-from-the-Canadian-Oil-and-Gas-Sector 2013
Open PDF ... Greenhouse-Gas-Emissions-from-the-Canadian-Oil-and-Gas-Sector 2013
Country ... Canada ... Dirty Energy
Canadian oil sands ... to the Last Drop ... Residents of one Canadian town are engaged in a David and Goliath-style battle over the dirtiest oil project ever known.
Open file 0101

Open PDF ... US-Governors-Accord-for-New-Energy-2016

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Energy ... The Market
North American Power
This is a program that offers lower priced electical energy to consumers ... these are some of the 'small print' terms of service
Open file 3369
Energy ... Nigeria ... Environment
Corruption ... Rule of Law
Shell faces Dutch court over Nigeria spills ... Activists and Nigerian plaintiffs hope case will bring 'an end to the corporate crimes committed by oil giants'.
Open file 3430
Energy ... Pollution
The fracking controversy ... pipleines and pollution ... Fracked Gas Pipeline Tours - See Impacts First-Hand ... an EVENT held by the Delaware Riverkeeper Network and others
Open file 3490
Excessive Consumption in the USA
Fareed Zacharia highlights what modern technology can do to change the pattern of excessive consumption
Open file 3562
Energy ... Coal ... USA
Coal company announces layoffs in response to Obama win
Open file 3563
Energy ... US Energy Independance
Inside Story Americas ... The cost of energy independence ... A report says the US could be energy independent by 2035 but will it follow a sustainable path to reach this goal?
Open file 3685
Energy ... Urgent Need for TVM Value Accountancy
Michael Klare ... World Energy Report 2012: The good, the bad, and the really, truly ugly ... Energy industry's ability to boost production of oil, coal and gas is ensuring ever higher levels of carbon emissions.
Open file 3738
Energy ... Climate Change
Qatar defends right to host climate talks ... Climate talks being held in Doha has placed a spotlight on the country's carbon dioxide emissions.
Open file 3740

Energy Issues ... Canadian Tar Sands

Energy ... Canada's Tar Sands
Canadian Government: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Tar Sands May Double by 2020
Open file 3784
Energy ... Canadian Tar Sands
U.S. Oil Giants Poised to Gain on Keystone Pipeline
Open file 3785

Energy Issues ... Infrastructure Investment ... Smart Grid

Smart Grid
Smart Grids, Stupid People ... an article about the failure to invest in infrastructure
Open file 3790

Energy Economics

Energy ... Oil Price Economics
December 2014 ... Gulf states will let oil price fall further, say ministers ... Saudi refusal to cut oil production could drive prices lower and make tar sands, deepwater and shale projects unviable
Open file 8844

Price of energy

Open PDF ... WB-PRN01-2015-Oil-Price-Collapse

Energy ... Electricity ... Demand side pricing


Open PDF ... EKR-EM-EPA-Proposes-Oil-Gas-Sector-Methane-Regulations-150907
Open PDF ... EnerKnol-Research-Keystone-XL-Bill-150112
Open PDF ... McKinsey/US-energy-efficiency-exec-summary
Open PDF ... McKinsey/US-energy-efficiency-full-report


Open PDF ... World-Energy-2015-Trilemma-Priority-actions-on-climate-change-and-how-to-balance-the-trilemma
Open PDF ... World-Energy-2015-Tackling-policy-uncertainty
Open PDF ... World-Energy-2015-Energy-Trilemma


Storage for solar generation systems

Open PDF ... Morgan-Stanley-Solar-Power-and-Energy-Storage-Blue-Paper-July-29-2014


Energy Economics

Energy Economics
Plummeting Oil Prices Could Bring Radical Change to Russia. What Comes Next? ... The weakness of the petrostate economy could jolt Russia’s political elites—or its ordinary citizens—to take action.
Open file 9213
Energy Economics
The Oil Price Collapse Is Not Just Another Bust Cycle ... This time, it could be long-lasting—with dramatic consequences for the climate, the economy and the global balance of power.
Open file 9214

Energy Markets

Open PDF ... Howard-Weil-refining-report-160624


Open PDF ... CES-Integrated-Solutions-Whitepaper-June-2014

Technology Trends

ENERGY DARWINISM ... The Evolution of the Energy Industry
The global energy industry has been transformed in the last five years in ways and to an extent that few would have thought credible. The emergence of shale gas has transformed the U.S. energy market while Germany has seen some gas-fired power stations running for less than 10 days a year due to the impact of solar leading utility owners to issue profit warnings. Developed markets now spend more on renewable capital expenditures than they do on conventional generation, largely due to uncertainty over commodity pricing and likely future utilisation rates, while the legacy of Fukushima has seen Japan burning gas at $16-17/mmbtu while the U.S. basks in $3 shale, driving the introduction of the world’s most attractive solar subsidy scheme and catapulting Japan to be the world’s second largest solar market. Conversely, the intermittency of renewables has led to the greater demand for the flexibility of gas-fired power plants in some markets
Open PDF ... Citi-GPS-Energy-Darwinism-2013-OKO7

Energy Sector Emissions

Open PDF ... EKR-EM-EPA-Proposes-Oil-Gas-Sector-Methane-Regulations-150907


Open PDF ... BP-technology-outlook-2015

Examples of Energy Excellence
Open PDF ... EMT2015Awards-Examples-of-Energy-Excellence-2016
ISSUES ... Fossil Fuel Policy
Activism ... ... Fossil Fuel Policy activism
Open file 11644

Energy Market
Energy Market ... Petroleum ... World Trade
OPEC A Year Later: Is there a war for market share and who is winning?
Open file 11645
Energy Market ... Price ... Supply ... Demand ... Inventories ... Capacity to Produce ... Capacity to Store ... Demand for Product
The Price Rally Is Over: Capital Drives the Oil Market to Low Prices
Open file 11646

Corporate Energy Strategy
Open PDF ... PwC-EnerNOC-Winston-Energy-Strategy-brief-2016.pdf

Net Zero Energy
Open PDF ... RMI-InsightBrief-Net-zero-energy-160804.pdf

Open PDF ... The-Power-of-Carbon-Psychology-nPower-Report-Sept-2016.pdf

Fuel Cell Technologies
Fuel Cell Technologies Office ... State of the States 2016
Open PDF ... FCTO-state-of-states-2016

Annual Energy Outlook 2017 with projections to 2050
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) ...
Overview/key takeaways ... EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook provides modeled projections of domestic energy markets through 2050, and includes cases with different assumptions of macroeconomic growth, world oil prices, technological progress, and energy policies. With strong domestic production and relatively flat demand, the United States becomes a net energy exporter over the projection period in most cases.
Critical drivers and uncertainty ... Various factors influence the model results in AEO2017, including: new and existing laws and regulations, updated data, changing market conditions, and model improvements since AEO2016.
Petroleum and other liquids ... U.S. crude oil production rebounds from recent lows, driven by continued development of tight oil resources. With consumption flat to down compared to recent history, net crude oil and petroleum product imports as a percentage of U.S. product supplied decline across most cases.
Natural gas ... Across most cases, natural gas production increases despite relatively low and stable natural gas prices, supporting higher levels of domestic consumption and natural gas exports. Projections are sensitive to resource and technology assumptions.
Electricity ... As demand grows modestly, the primary driver for new capacity in the Reference case is the retirement of older, less efficient fossil fuel units—largely spurred by the Clean Power Plan (CPP)—and the near-term availability of renewable energy tax credits. Even if the CPP is not implemented, low natural gas prices and the tax credits result in natural gas and renewables as the primary sources of new generation capacity. The future generation mix is sensitive to the price of natural gas and the growth in electricity demand.
Transportation ... Transportation energy consumption peaks in 2018 in the Reference case because rising fuel efficiency outweighs increases in total travel and freight movements throughout the projection period.
Buildings ... Despite growth in the number of households and the amount of commercial floorspace, improved equipment and efficiency standards contribute to residential and commercial consumption remaining relatively flat or declining slightly from 2016 to 2040 in the Reference case.
Industrial ... With economic growth and relatively low energy prices, energy consumption in EIA’s three industrial sub-sectors (energy-intensive manufacturing, non-energy-intensive manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing) increases during the projection period across all cases. Energy intensity declines across all cases as a result of technological improvements.
Open PDF ... USA-EIA-Energy-Outlook-2016-2050


Energy Trends
Open PDF ... Energy-Trends-CAG-NI-Capitalize-on-Energy-Trends-with-Expert-RSC-Partner

US crude oil imports
US imports of crude oil expanded rapidly in the 1970s. The likely cause of this was the profit potential of crude oil resources all over the world resulting from the OPEC driven cartelization of oil prices and the race by the major oil companies (including those based in the United States) to gain market share in the new world global oil order.
Imports declined in the late 1970s early 1980s as the economy in the US deteriorated, but then increased again as the US economy started to grow and Americans became accustomed to a higher price regime for gasoline.
Post 2000, imports of crude oil have declined. Part of this is due to the increased production of natural gas and domestic crude oil as a result of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) which has the potential to make the US independed of imported energy.

Solar Roadways
Venkatraman Venkitachalam ... Director at EFENP / Automation P Ltd / 170103
World’s first ‘solar panel road’ opens in France at Tourouvre-au-Perche in Normandy. The 1 KM road could generate enough electricity to power the street lights. The panels have been covered in a silicon-based resin that allows them to withstand the weight of passing big rigs. As per Colas France could become energy independent by paving only a quarter of its million KMs of roads. Solar panels have become increasingly popular in recent years as cost of operating them has come down significantly, making it cost competitive with traditional energy sources. show less
TPB question: What is the energy required to produce the solar pavement? How long does it take for this amount of energy to be generated by the pavement?

The supply of energy to the “south” is poor and a constraint, while raw energy sources in the “south” are tremendously rich and exploited almost totally for foreign benefit and some small local elite.

Open PDF ... BoomBust-for-Coal-2017

by David Coady, Ian Parry, Louis Sears, and Baoping Shang
Abstract: This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below supply costs plus a tax to reflect environmental damage and an additional tax applied to all consumption goods to raise government revenues. Post-tax energy subsidies are dramatically higher than previously estimated and are projected to remain high. These subsidies primarily reflect underpricing from a domestic (rather than global) perspective, so that unilateral price reform is in countries’ own interests. The potential fiscal, environmental, and welfare impacts of energy subsidy reform are substantial
Open PDF ... IMF-Paper-Energy-Subsidies
2017 Utility Energy Efficiency Scorecard
Grace Relf, Brendon Baatz, and Seth Nowak June 2017 ... Report U1707
Open PDF ... ACEEE-generation-efficiency-report-2017.pdf

Open PDF ... Windpower-Icing-Technology-Performance-2017
US Economy ... Fuel Cell Boondoggle
What role government? Delaware’s very own Solyndra ... essay by Paul Driessen and John Nichols in 2011
Will Delaware and US citizens get stuck with a Bloom Energy fuel cell boondoggle?
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… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… attention to the matter of oil pollution during production and transportation:
… and a whole lot more.

Open L0700-SS-ENERGY
Open L0700-SI-fish-seafood-sector

For example … OIL AND GAS ...
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… attention to the matter of oil pollution during production and transportation:
… and a whole lot more.

Energy enabled the industrial revolution and continues to be a key foundation for a modern economy
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An essential STRAND in the modern socio-enviro-economic system. The performance of the ENERGY SECTOR is a critical component in the overall performance of the global socio-enviro-economic system
Open L0700-SI-ENERGY
There are many ENERGY ISSUES in the functioning of the modern economy, and also in its increasing dysfunction
Open L0300-Energy

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