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Date: 2024-05-18 Page is: DBtxt001.php txt00022716
TECHNOLOGY COMPANIES
ASML

CNBC ... Why The World Relies On ASML For Machines That Print Chips


Original article: video-about-ASML-22717-01-c.jpg
Peter Burgess COMMENTARY
This is like a ghostly replay of an experience I had early in my career around 1972. I was employed as the 'budget manager' for Gulton Industires, a company that had been at the cutting edge of electronics technology in the 1960s manufacturing electronic circuits on silican chips as early as anyone. I remember when we celebrated having just eight transistors on a single chip and moving ahead to something called very large scale integration with perhaps a hundred transistors on the one chip.

At some point I was despatched to a potential supplier of chip making machines ... General Instruments on Long Island, I think it was ... and having to report back that our company was in no position to buy their machinery because they were going to cost about $1 million.

My job as budget manager was to help the company survive. In the 1960s the company was very very successful with very strong cash flow. The Board was friendly to the company's Founder and Presideent and encouraged him to diversify using the company's cash to buy all sorts of emerging technology companies ... more than 30 of them. By the time I was recruited to help reorganize the company, the company's cash flow was massively negative with no money whatsoever for investment. I think we shed more than 60% of the staff in the first three months of my employment with the company ... and in the end just a few of the company units survived including Southern States Inc in Hampton, Georgia where I was VP Manufacturing and Controller for a couple of years before I left the company.

This story about high tech chip manufacturng machinery is fascinating ... and very thought provoking.
Peter Burgess
Why The World Relies On ASML For Machines That Print Chips

CNBC

Mar 23, 2022

2.74M subscribers ... 1,449,849 views

In a Dutch factory, there’s a revolutionary chipmaking machine the whole world has come to rely on. It takes months to assemble, and only one company in the world knows how: Advanced Semiconductor Materials Lithography.

CNBC got an exclusive tour inside ASML’s cleanrooms to see how these $200 million EUV systems print minuscule designs on advanced microchips using exploding molten tin, the flattest surface in the world, and light so narrow it’s absorbed by air.

Once ASML is done building and testing an EUV lithography machine, it’s so big that it needs to be disassembled and loaded on 20 trucks or three 747s for shipment. Only five customers can afford EUV machines, the biggest being TSMC, Samsung and Intel - and ASML export controls keep ASML from sending any to China.

Here’s a rare, inside look at how nearly 800 suppliers come together to create the technology required to print every advanced chip powering the digital world, from data centers to iPhones.

Chapters:
  • 00:00 -- Intro
  • 1:58 -- Dutch company with U.S. roots
  • 6:18 -- How lithography works
  • 8:52 -- How EUV revolutionized chipmaking
  • 11:24 -- Why there’s no competition
  • 14:45 -- Geopolitical risks and what’s next (edited)
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Why The World Relies On ASML For Machines That Print Chips

Chapters
  • Intro 0:00
  • Dutch company with U.S. roots 1:58
  • How lithography works 6:18
  • How EUV revolutionized chipmaking 8:52
  • Why there’s no competition 11:24
  • Geopolitical risks and what’s next (edited) 14:45

ASML's main customers




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