TVM Sector Perspective
How Sector Activities Impact People, Place, Planet and Profit
Chapter 15 - Energy
Haiti is in a good position. It has abundant fossil fuel resources, especially oil and gas, and also coal.
But, on the other end of the scale, there is a dramatic shortage of fuelwood and charcoal for household cooking in remote rural areas. These energy sources are contributing to an environmental crisis caused by the loss of trees and the production of carbon dioxide.
Fuelwood is in very short supply and increased production of wood for household use should be a priority. Trees need to be planted and existing trees cut in a way that does not destroy their capacity to grow again. The manufacturing of charcoal should be considered to be an anti-social act.
Coal ... natural gas
The possibility of using the coal deposits as an alternative to wood and charcoal should be explored. This may not be a viable option if the coal is not suitable for use in the household environment. Bottled natural gas would probably be a better intermediate step forward.
The use of windmills to drive pumps and produce limited amounts of electricity may be an option. Windmills have been an important source of energy in the past and modern windmills are well suited to use in pumping water in remote areas.
Solar technology has reached the stage where it is a viable option for driving remote electrical equipment.