Born 18 December 1946 King William's Town, South Africa
Died 12 September 1977 (aged 30) Pretoria, South Africa
Occupation anti-apartheid activist
Spouse Ntsiki Mashalaba
Children Nkosinathi Biko, Samora Biko, Lerato Biko, Motlatsi Biko and Hlumelo Biko
Stephen Bantu Biko (18 December 1946 – 12 September 1977) was an anti-apartheid activist in South Africa in the 1960s and 1970s.
A student leader, he later founded the Black Consciousness Movement which would empower and mobilize much of the urban black population. Since his death in police custody, he has been called a martyr of the anti-apartheid movement. While living, his writings and activism attempted to empower black people, and he was famous for his slogan 'black is beautiful', which he described as meaning: 'man, you are okay as you are, begin to look upon yourself as a human being'.
Despite friction between the African National Congress and Biko throughout the 1970s [need quotation to verify] the ANC has included Biko in the pantheon of struggle heroes, going as far as using his image for campaign posters in South Africa's first non-racial elections in 1994.
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- 1 Early life
- 2 Death and aftermath
- 3 Influences and formation of ideology
- 4 Biko's relevance in the present
- 5 Tributes
- 6 References in the arts
- 6.1 Literature
- 6.2 Theatre, film and television
- 6.3 Music
- 6.4 Paintings
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links