TVM ... Accounting, Analysis and Reporting for the The Circular Economy
(1) All the Capitals: The first principle is that the accounting, analysis and reporting should reflect impact on ALL the capitals ... that is on Human Capital, on Natural Capital and Created Capital where Created Capital reflects all of the systems and structures that have been built using human creativity and initiative. These include Financial Capital, Physical Capital and Intangible Capital like Knowledge, Institutional Structures, Legal systems, Security, etc.
(2) Money is the unit of account for Financial Capital, and is for all transactions using money as a medium of exchange.
(3) A set of TVIA units of account are used to account for transactions that impact all the other capitals.
(4) The idea of circularity can be used to improve the PERFORMANCE of PROCESS.
(5) PROGRESS is measured by comparing STATE in the past with the current STATE.
(6) TVIA units of account are compatible for a variety of different reporting units:
... ORGANIZATIONS (Complex Groups)
... ORGANIZATIONS (SMEs)
... ORGANIZATIONS (NGOSs and not for profits)
... ORGANIZATIONS (Governments / Governmental Agencies)
... INVESTMENT PORTFOLIOS
... INDIVIDUAL PEOPLE and FAMILIES
... PROJECTS / PROGRAMS
Progress towards getting advantage from the Circular Economy
Some of the ideas of the Circular Economy has been talked about for many years. There has been more adoption of the ideas of the Circular Economy in the past few years than in the more distant past, but the adoption is still slow and most major companies still operate on the basis that profit and investor wealth is more important than impact on society and impact on the environment.
TPB note: Without metrics along the lines of TVIA it is difficult for decision makers to make the right decisions and for there to be accountability. Without metrics there can be a lot of talk without much real progress.
Connecting corporate and societal value creation From a Report by KPMG in 2014
A New Vision of Value
Value creation is the goal of all companies, but corporate value creation is not always aligned with value creation for society as a whole.
Trends: The circular economy is becoming more widely understood and commonplace in business. Almost unanimously, survey respondents felt they clearly understood the concept, while more than half could provide examples of the circular economy in play.
The 7 Pillars of the Circular Economy
According to this Metabolic construct:
1. Materials are cycled at continuous high value.
2. All energy is based on renewable sources.
3. Biodiversity is supported and enhanced through all human activities.
4. Human society and culture are preserved.
5. The health and wellbeing of humans and other species is supported.
6. Human activities generate value in measures beyond just financial.
7. The economic system is inherently adaptable and resilient.
TVIA Note: These 7 pillars are not inconsistent with the thinking that has informed the design of the TVIA system. It should be noted that while many of the processes in the socio-enviro-economic system have the potential for circularity, the passage of time is linear, and progress is all about things being better as time passes.
The fast-changing global context is our starting point. In a world increasingly dominated by new technologies
and shifts in demographics and the global economy, new challenges arise. One is how to cope with the legacy
of a linear economy, in which products are consumed and largely get turned into waste, diminishing the stock
of non-renewable natural resources. A more circular economy that creates economic value is also an answer to
the resource challenge, both because it is a more effective system that the linear economy and mitigates its risks
whilst creating positive capital-building opportunities.
PART I In the first part of the report we describe the context, provide a systematic framework in which money is one of
the enablers of the transition to a circular economy, and lay out our ambition as a financial sector in contributing
to this transition.
PART II In the second part of the report we focus on three important components of the financial perspective of the
transition to a more circular economy:
- First are the changes we see in business models that accompany circular ways of working. The
report analyses various case studies of circular economy businesses to determine the concrete
financial impacts of going circular.
- Second is a deep dive into the financial considerations of circular economy businesses, covering risks
and opportunities and the detailed consequences for revenue and cost structures, cash flows, balance
sheets and financing requirements.
- Third are the macroeconomic consequences of circular economy business models being more widely
adopted. This extends the assessment of the circular economy approach beyond the commercial
considerations of individual businesses. Macroeconomic analysis is an important consideration for
potential investors deciding where to invest.
PART III In the third [second] part of the report we focus on three important components of the financial perspective of Finally,
we look beyond this report. This first step, to understand the financial implications of circular economy business
models, is only the first the working group will take. The next phase, to assess the impact and consequences for
financial institutions themselves, is crucial: actions speak louder than words.
A 98 page report ... In the face of sharp volatility increases across the global economy and proliferating signs of resource depletion, the call for a new economic model is getting louder. In the quest for a substantial improvement in resource performance across the economy, businesses have started to explore ways to reuse products or their components and restore more of their precious material, energy and labour inputs. The time is right, many argue, to take this concept of a ‘circular economy’ one step further, to analyse its promise for businesses and economies, and to prepare the ground for its adoption.
Ellen-MacArthur-Foundation - Circular Economy 100 (CE100)
TOWARDS A CIRCULAR ECONOMY: BUSINESS RATIONALE FOR AN ACCELERATED TRANSITION
Heading to come
Principle 1: Preserve and enhance natural capital by controlling finite stocks
and balancing renewable resource flows. This starts by dematerialising utility
– delivering utility virtually, whenever optimal. When resources are needed, the
circular system selects them wisely and chooses technologies and processes that
use renewable or better-performing resources, where possible. A circular economy
also enhances natural capital by encouraging flows of nutrients within the system
and creating the conditions for the regeneration of, for example, soil.
Principle 2: Optimise resource yields by circulating products, components, and
materials at the highest utility at all times in both technical and biological cycles.
This means designing for remanufacturing, refurbishing, and recycling to keep
technical components and materials circulating in and contributing to the economy.
Circular systems use tighter, inner loops (e.g. maintenance, rather than recycling)
whenever possible, thereby preserving more embedded energy and other value.
These systems also maximise the number of consecutive cycles and/or the time
spent in each cycle, by extending product life and optimising reuse. Sharing in turn
increases product utilisation. Circular systems also encourage biological nutrients
to re-enter the biosphere safely for decomposition to become valuable feedstock
for a new cycle. In the biological cycle, products are designed by intention to be
consumed or metabolised by the economy and regenerate new resource value. For
biological materials, the essence of value creation lies in the opportunity to extract
additional value from products and materials by cascading them through other
applications. As in any linear system, pursuing yield gains across all these levers is
useful and requires continued system improvements. But unlike a linear system, a
circular one would not compromise effectiveness
Principle 3: Foster system effectiveness by revealing and designing out negative
externalities. This includes reducing damage to systems and areas such as food,
mobility, shelter, education, health, and entertainment, and managing externalities,
such as land use, air, water and noise pollution, and the release of toxic substances.
TrueValueMetrics (TVM) is an Open Source / Open Knowledge initiative. It has been funded by family and friends plus donations from well wishers who understand the importance of accountability and getting the management metrics right. TVM is a 'big idea' that has the potential to be a game changer leveling the playing field so the wealth and power is shared on a more reasonable basis between people who work for a living and those that own the economy and the levers of power. In order to be effective, it cannot be funded in the conventional way with a for profit business plan, but absolutely must remain an open access initiative.