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Date: 2018-11-20 Page is: DBtxt001.php L070-IS-ISSUES-SUBJECTS

ISSUES / SUBJECTS
THOUSANDS OF ISSUES and SUBJECTS
Not ONE single silver bullet
INTRODUCTION to ISSUES
Thousands of Issues ... Relatively Few Meaningful Practical Solutions
INTRODUCTION to ISSUES
There are ISSUES that have to be addressed in every society ... in every human organization ... and in every system. Most times, an effective outcome in addressing an issue cannot be achieved by a single simple 'silver bullet' but requires system thinking and addressing many ISSUES in parallel. This was the theme of much of the thinking that preceded TVM in the 1990s and into the 2000s.
TPB/TVIA commentary:
Far too much of policy making during the past 50 years has attempted to solve a problem ... an issue ... with a single issue focus and response. This might have worked in earlier times, butas the world has become more and more interconnected this approach is bound to fail. Take for example, the United Nations, which has a lot of specialized expertise in its various specialized agencies all of which are organized on single sector lines. In the real world at the country level the poblems overlap many sectors, and this need for multi-sector solutions persists to every community on the planet. The same critique applies to other organizations like, for example, the World Bank and most national governments.
My work in international development and humanitarian assistance was successful when there was the opportunity to engage multi-sector initiatives, whereas single sector projects rarely worked.

Multiple ways to access ISSUE information
Thousands of issues
in alphabetical sequence of subjects
Open L0200-ISSUES-Alpha
Thousands of issues
in chronological sequence ... access to well over 15,000 pages by download date
Open L0200-ISSUES-Chrono

SOCIAL ISSUES Open L0700-IS-SO-SOCIAL-ISSUES
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES Open L0700-IS-EN-ENVIRONMENTAL-ISSUES
ECONOMIC ISSUES Open L0700-IS-EC-ECONOMIC-ISSUES



The Purpose of TVM / The Reason for TVM
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 1 - Why This Book?
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 1
Failing Development
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 2 - Development Has Failed
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 2
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 3 - Why So Much Failure
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 3
Possibilities / Ways Forward
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 4 - Ways Forward
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 4
Community Focus
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 5 - Community Focus
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 5
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 10 - Community Productivity
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 10
People the Top Priority
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 6 - People / Human Resources
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 6
Actors: Organizations
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 7 - Organization / Organizations
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 7
Nature / Natural Capital / Natural Systems
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 8 - Resources / Natural Resources
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 8
Enabling Environment
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 9 - Enabling Environment
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 9
Management / Data at the Center
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 11 - Information Dimension
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 11
Many Sectors
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 12 - Sector Perspectives
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 12
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 13 - Sector: Governance / Government
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 13
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 14 - Sector: Infrastructure
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 14
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 15 - Sector: Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 15
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 16 - Sector: Industrial Sector
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 16
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 17 - Sector: Trade and Logistics
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 17
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 18 - Sector: Service Sectors
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 18
Turning Development Upside Down
Chapter 19 - Afterword INCOMPLETE
Open PDF ... TDUD 2016 / Chapter 19



Systemic Dysfunction
Multi Dimension Impact Accounting
The TrueValueMetrics Book / Section I / Systemic Dysfunction
Open PDF ... MDIA-2014/TVM-Book-Section-1-2014
Possibilities / Ways Forward
Multi Dimension Impact Accounting
The TrueValueMetrics Book / Section II / There Are Ways Forward
Open PDF ... MDIA-2014/TVM-Book-Section-2-2014.pdf
Core Concepts
Multi Dimension Impact Accounting
TVM-Book-Section-3-2014 / Section III / Accounting Concepts
Open PDF ... MDIA-2014/TVM-Book-Section-3-2014
Data, Dataflows and Analysis
Multi Dimension Impact Accounting
TVM-Book-Section-4-2014 / Section IV / Data, Dataflows and Analysis
Open PDF ... MDIA-2014/TVM-Book-Section-4-2014
Analysis and Reporting
Multi Dimension Impact Accounting
TVM-Book-Section-5-2014 / Section V / Analysis and Reporting
Open PDF ... MDIA-2014/TVM-Book-Section-5-2014
Multi Dimension Impact Accounting INCOMPLETE
TVM-Book-Section-6-2014 / Section VI /
Open PDF ... MDIA-2014/TVM-Book-Section-6-2014
Many Perspectives
Multi Dimension Impact Accounting INCOMPLETE
TVM-Book-Section-7-2014 / Section VII / Analysis of Different Entities
Open PDF ... MDIA-2014/TVM-Book-Section-7-2014
Many Sectors
Multi Dimension Impact Accounting INCOMPLETE
TVM-Book-Section-8-2014 / Section VIII / The Socio-Economic Dynamic of Different Sectors
Open PDF ... MDIA-2014/TVM-Book-Section-8-2014

GOVERNANCE / MANAGEMENT
Accountability / Management Open L0700-IS-Accountability-Management
The Trump Presidency Open L0200-SJ-The-Trump-Presidency

EXISTENTIAL RISKS Open L070-XR-EXISTENTIAL RISKS
Changes reported at WEF between 2014 and 2018 Open L0700-XR-Global-Risk-Profiles-WEF
... Climate Change / Extreme weather events / Failure to address climate change Open L0700-XR-Climate-Change
...Natural disasters Open Open L0700-XR-Natural-disasters
... Cyberattacks / Data fraud or theft
Weapons of Mass Desruction
Water Crisis
Large scale involuntary migration
Man made environmental disasters
Biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse
Food crisis
Data fraud or theft
Terrorist attacks

ISSUES ... MANY TERRIBLE SITUATIONS GO InPage
WORKING SET OF IMAGES Open L0700-CL-aaa-temp-image-set


Jobs-Unemployment-Wages Open L0700-IS-Jobs-Unemployment-Wages
Metrics - Measurement - Reporting Open L0700-IS-Metrics-Measurement-Reporting
ODA-performance Open L0700-IS-ODA-performance
Terrible Outcomes ... WHY? Open L0700-IS-Terrible-Outcomes-Why
Value-Destruction Open L0700-IS-Value-Destruction
Violence-War-Terror Open L0700-IS-Violence-War-Terror

Jobs Open list0300-Jobs
Unemployment Open list0300-Unemployment
Wages Open list0300-Wages
Basic Income Open L0700-II-Basic-Income

Selected issues ... TOP FEW Open L0200-ISSUES-Top-Few
Selected issues ... HEALTHCARE Open L0200-ISSUES-HEALTHCARE
Selected issues ... getting MEDIA attention Open L0200-ISSUES-MEDIA-NEWS

INTRODUCTION to ISSUES / BURGESS BOOK
Thousands of Issues ... Not ONE Silver Bullet
INTRODUCTION to ISSUES
There are ISSUES that have to be addressed in every society ... in every human organization ... and in every system. Most times, an effective outcome in addressing an issue cannot be achieved by a single simple 'silver bullet' but requires system thinking and addressing many ISSUES in parallel. This was the theme of much of the thinking that preceded TVM in the 1990s and into the 2000s.
TPB/TVIA commentary:
Far too much of policy making during the past 50 years has attempted tp solve a problem ... and issue ... with a single issue focus and response. This might have worked in earlier times, butas the world has become more and more interconnected this approach is bound to fail. Take for example, the United Nations, which has a lot of specialized expertise in its various specialized agencies all of which are organized on single sector lines. In the real world at the country level the poblems overlap many sectors, and this need for multi-sector solutions persists to every community on the planet. The same critique applies to other organizations like, for example, the World Bank and most national governments.
My work in international development and humanitarian assistance was successful when there was the opportunity to engage multi-sector initiatives, whereas single sector projects rarely worked.

BURGESS BOOK - HUNDREDS OF ISSUES
Hundreds of Issues that Impact Relief and Development Performance
This text originated in the early 1990s and resulted in a book published in 2006 to highlight the need to have multi-issue initiatives to solve complex enviro-socio-economic problems. A single bullet will not solve problems!
This was published using Lulu.com print on demand
The text may be viewed in this single webpage Open bk005A-Z
The text may be seen via this navigation Open bk005A-Z-navigation
The text may be viewed via this PDF
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Burgess/Book-texts/TAN-report-0032-060821b-Hundreds-of-issues.pdf'
Open PDF ... TAN-report-0032-060821b-Hundreds-of-issues

ACCOUNTING / ACCOUNTABILITY / MANAGEMENT
MANAGEMENT / DATA at the CENTER Open L07-MANAGEMENT-DATA-at-the-CENTER

Accountancy Open L0300-Accountancy
Accountability Open L0300-Accountability
Management Open L0300-Management
Marketing Open L0300-Marketing

STARVATION / MALNUTRITION

Africa

North Korea

Somalia
STARVATION / MALNUTRITION Open L0200-Starvation

War / Physical Destruction

Aleppo, Syria

Sanaa, Yemen

Mosul, Iraq
... and DEATH ... wanton killing

Monrovia, Liberia

Darfur, Sudan

Rwanda
Urban degradation

Detroit, USA

Modern slums

More slums
Inequality
Obscene Wealth
Terrible Poverty

Juxtaposed
Pollution

Air pollution

Land fill

Plastic
Land Degradation

Mining

Deforestation

Desertification
Extreme Weather Events

Hurricanes

Rain / Flooding

Snow
.
WHY?
Some very nasty national leaders

Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemen

Charles Taylor, Liberia

Bashar al-Assad, Syria

Muammar Gaddafi, Libya

Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe

Idi Amin, Uganda
Money making nasty business ...

Viktor Bout, Arms Trafficker

el-Chapo-Guzman, Drug Trafficker

Sex Trafficking
Energy Industry ... Big profits and big pollution

Crude oil in Niger Delta

Flaring gas in USA

Refinery air quality

Coal (Open pit)

Fracking

Oil Spills / BP
Free enterprise oligarchs

Carlos Slim / Grupo Carso

Larry Ellison / Oracle

Bill Gates / Microsoft
Too much militarism

Atomic Bomb / Mushroom Cloud

Powerful Navy

Air Power
Too little development cooperation

UN headquarters

US State Department

UNHCR / UN Refugee Agency
SOCIAL MEDIA
The challenge of controlling the 'dark side'

Google

Facebook

Twitter
LAND USE
Economic value respected ... Natural value ignored

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

SUBJECTS
Matters of interest / Matters for dicussions
More snow / Less arctic ice / More floods / More storms / More droughts

Environmental Regulations GO TOP
Rules and Regulations for Environmental Responsibility
Until quite recently there virtually no rules and regulations to ensure that economic actors were environmentally responsible. Essentially, it was 'laissez faire' ... anything goes ... and as long as it was profitable , then I am going to do be done. For most of the industrial revolution, environmental pollution was awful.
TPB aside: As a young child I spent many Christmas and Easter holidays staying with my grandparents who lived in Wakefield in the West Riding of Yorkshire, in the industrial North of England ... a huge contrast from our home in Okehampton, a small agricultural market town in the middle of Devonshire. I remember being told 'where there's muck, there's money' and being told that it was a good sign when the chimneys of the textile mills were spewing dark black smoke and a bad sign when they weren't. Everything was covered in grime ... soot from the smoke. And of course, we burnt coal to keep ourselves warm. and in fact, also cooked on a huge coal fired range!
Post War Europe
In the immediate years after WWII Europe started to work on cleaning up the pollution in the great rivers like the Rhine.
United States
Industrial pollution was not addressed in the United States until the early 1970s. It was President Richard Nixon that established the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and steps started to be taken to clean up the water pollution and the air pollution. California and particlarly Los Angeles was faced with terrible air pollution from automobiles and took the lead in requiring catalytic converters to limit the nitrous oxides from vehicle tail pipes. It is remarkable that President Trump is leading the charge in the United States to roll back environmental regulations and allow all sorts of environmentally irresponsible behavior.

Issues in Technology
Critical driver of much in the modern world ... for good and bad
GO TOP
Top Ten Issues in 2018 by Brad Smith and Carol Ann Brown
A 21 page paper well worth the read. Brad Smith and Carol Ann Brown are from Microsoft. Brad Smith is the President and Chief Legal Officer of Microsoft.
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Technology/Issues/Top-Ten-Issues-in-2018-by-BradSmith-and-CarolAnnBrown.pdf'
Open PDF ... Top-Ten-Issues-in-2018-by-BradSmith-and-CarolAnnBrown
Cybersecurity
Immigration
Technology for Rural Communities
Diversity and Tech
Privacy and Surveillance
AI and its Role in Society
Sustainability
Net Neutrality
Coding in Schools
Globalization of the IT Sector

GEOPOLITICS
WORLD VIEW OF IMPORTANT MATTERS
GO TOP
Eurasia Group Opinion / January 2018
Eurasia Group President Ian Bremmer and Chairman Cliff Kupchan opined: 'In the 20 years since we started Eurasia Group, the global environment has had its ups and downs. But if we had to pick one year for a big unexpected crisis — the geopolitical equivalent of the 2008 financial meltdown — it feels like 2018,'
They also observed: ''America First' and the policies that flow from it have eroded the U.S.-led order and its guardrails, while no other country or set of countries stands ready or interested in rebuilding it … significantly increasing global risk.'
Open file #14437
L0700-SJ-The-Trump-Presidency
China will fill the vacuum left by the United States
In the absence of U.S. leadership, China faces less resistance in setting the international standards in trade and investment, technology development and the value of noninterference in other countries' affairs. This could force businesses to adapt to a new set of rules and may increase tensions with the Asia-Pacific region's more democratic powers.
Miscalculations spark conflict
The world has become more dangerous because there is no global power to underwrite security and many subnational and nonstate actors can carry out destablizing actions. Cyberattacks and terrorism are two top risks, but there is also the chance of a miscalculation leading to conflict as North Korea continues to test ballistic missiles in a region full of U.S. allies and as the United States and Russia back rival factions in Syria.
Technology cold war
The United States and China are racing to dominate areas like artificial intelligence and supercomputing, setting up a battle to supply other countries with civilian infrastructure, consumer goods and security equipment. This could lead to a fragmented tech space in which China and countries in its sphere of influence seek to control the flow of information and the United States guards against foreign investment in American tech companies.
Tough year for Mexico
Mexico and investors in its economy will suffer more than the United States if NAFTA negotiations do not succeed this year. A presidential campaign that begins in March will make it difficult for Mexican candidates to accept tough compromises with an antagonistic Trump administration.
Deteriorating U.S.-Iran relations
The Trump administration has announced a more aggressive strategy to clamp down on Iran's nuclear program and involvement in foreign affairs. This raises a number of risks, including that the 2015 Iran nuclear deal dissolves, tensions lead to a deadly conflict in the Persian Gulf or another regional theater and a more assertive Saudi Arabia takes the U.S. stance as a green light for actions that escalate tensions.
Falling trust in democratic institutions
The rise of an 'increasingly toxic antiestablishment sentiment' is eroding trust in political institutions in democratic countries, as well as the media and the electoral system in the United States. Weakness in these institutions can lead to instability, authoritarianism, unpredictable policy and conflict.
Rise of protectionism 2.0
Countries are using nontraditional measures — bailouts, subsidies and 'buy local' requirements — to protect intellectual property and technology, a trend that can be called 'protectionism 2.0.' This could lead to a surge in protectionism, a more complex and contradictory regulatory environment, and resentment among countries whose policies are seen to target one another.
Brexit gets tougher to manage
The United Kingdom is moving toward a phase of its separation from the European Union that will bring more difficult negotiations, including designing a border for Northern Ireland and finalizing the U.K.'s divorce bill. Prime Minister Theresa May needs to clarify the U.K.'s goals to reach a deal with Europe, but as she reveals her hand, her leadership may be challenged by rival political factions with contradicting priorities.
Identity politics in southern Asia
Islamism in Indonesia and Malaysia, Indian nationalism, and anti-Chinese and anti-minority sentiment across southern Asia are on the rise in countries that are growing more prosperous. These strains of identity politics can contribute to instability and protectionism and bleed over into economic policy in ways that damage the business environment.
Africa becomes less stable
The relatively stable countries of Africa like Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Kenya and Ethiopia are vulnerable to spillover from less secure nations, increased threats of terrorism and their own inability to support their weaker neighbors. Some of these countries will have to allocate more money for security costs and could see foreign direct investment fall if increased violence rattles already shaky investor sentiment.



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