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Date: 2018-07-22 Page is: DBtxt001.php L07-ACTIVITIES-PROCESSES-SECTORS

ACTIVITIES / PROCESSES
SECTORS / STREAMS

ACTIVITIES SUPPORT EVERYTHING / THEIR EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS DETERMINES SUSTAINABILITY

TO DO ... update images to be more relevant to the subject matter

STREAMS / STRANDS / STRINGS
STREAMS / STRANDS / STRINGS ... everything has multiple impacts through the life cycle and through different parts of the socio-enviro-economic system
Open L070-SS-STREAMS-STRANDS-STRINGS
SECTORS / INDUSTRIES
Sector specialization enabled in depth development of important technology.
Open L070-SI-SECTORS-INDUSTRIES
ENGINEERING / TECHNOLOGY
The effectiveness of the ENGINEERING and TECHNOLOGY determines tha capabilities of every SECTOR / INDUSTRY in the socio-enviro-economic system
Open L070-ET-ENGINEERING-TECHNOLOGY
INFRASTRUCTURE
INFRASTRUCTURE is a part of every SECTOR / INDUSTRY. The efficiency of the infrastructure determines to a great extent the efficiency of the socio-enviro-economic system as a whole.
Open L070-IF-INFRASTRUCTURE

All ACTIVITIES have these characteristics:
(1) CONSUMPTION (COSTS)
(2) CONTRIBUTION (BENEFITS)
all of which have IMPACT that changes the CAPITALS
CONSUMPTION
For PEOPLE, CONSUMPTION is required to satisfy basic needs. For most of history there has been a strong correlation between an increase in consumption and an improved quality of life and standard of living. This has been a fundemental reality in a world where shortage was normal. Over the past 100 years improvements in technology have changed the suply of goods and services from one ofAggregate endemic shortage to surplus
For BUSINESS, CONSUMPTION is good because it means that more PRODUCTS are purchased, and more SALES REVENUES usually means more PROFITS
For the SUPPLY CHAIN more CONSUMPTION means more PRODUCTS flow through the SUPPLY CHAIN creating economic activity and profits along the way
BUT
MORE CONSUMPTION and MORE PRODUCTION also means more impact on NATURAL CAPITAL and the ENVIRONMENT.
There is both DEPLETION and DEGRADATION
Open L0700-SS-CONSUMPTION
CONTRIBUTION
CONTRIBUTION is
Open L0700-SS-CONTRIBUTION


HISTORY OF PROCESS
It is improvement in PROCESS that has enabled productivity improvement over time. Almost everything that is a part of the modern enviro-socio-economic system that supports a decent quality of life and standard of living is produced using a process that is more efficient than the process that was used in the past. Take the transport sector for example, the process to convert fuel into energy for transportation has moved from the steam locomotive of the 19th century to the jet engine of the 21st century. Take computing for example, a process that was aided by teh abacus, and later various forms of calculator to modern electronics with processors that will do many millions of calculations in a second. In the MDIA framework the standard performance of a process will make it possible to understand the truvalue of a product that has flowed through multiple processes in the course of its flow through the supply chain.
WHY PROCESS IS IMPORTANT
PROCESSES are important because their efficiency is what makes (or not) the aggregate socio-enviro-economic system efficient or inefficient. A better world will b e achieved when all the PROCESSES that are used to support our QUALITY OF LIFE are more efficient not only for the making of PROFIT and growing FINANCIAL CAPITAL, but also having a BETTER IMPACT on SOCIETY (PEOPLE) and having a BETTER IMPACT on the ENVIRONMENT (PLANET).
PROCESSES
The production process is a major determining factor in the quality of the product and the impact that is associated with the product and society and the environment
Open L070-PC-PROCESSES
Many processes
Navigation to resources about specific processes
Open L0200-PC-PROCESSES
Processes are an essential part of the socio-enviro-economic system
Navigation to processes from the perspective of Streams, Strands and Strings
Open L0700-SS-PROCESSES


TRANSPORTATION / LOGISTICS
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… and a whole lot more.
>hr>
HEAVY INDUSTRY ...
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… the issue of worker exploitation and workplace safety;
… and a whole lot more.
Open L0700-SS-Heavy-Industry
MINING
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… degradation of the land;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… the issue of worker exploitation and workplace safety;
… and a whole lot more.
STREAM Open L0700-SS-Mining
SECTOR Open L0700-SI-Mining
CONSTRUCTION ...
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… the issue of worker exploitation and workplace safety;
… and a whole lot more.
STREAM Open L0700-SS-Heavy-Industry
SECTOR Open L0700-SI-Heavy-Industry

CONCLUDING OBSERVATION ...
… more than anything else improving the EFFICIENCY of PROCESS will change the trajectory of global socio-enviro-economic performance;
… in the past efficiency has simply been about less COSTS and more PROFIT;
… in the future EFFICIENCY has to be about better QUALITY OF LIFE for PEOPLE with very little of no damage to the ENIRONMENT (PLANET)

AAA go to TOP

Air Conditioning


Aquaculture


Aquaponics


BBB go to TOP

CCC go to TOP

Crop Monoculture


Computing


DDD go to TOP

Desalination


EEE go to TOP

Electricity Generation - Hydro


Electricity Generation - PV Solar


Electricity Generation - Steam / Coal


Electricity Generation - Steam / Natural Gas


Electricity Generation - Steam / Nuclear


Electricity Generation - Steam / Solar


Electricity Generation - Wind


FFF go to TOP

Fishing


Food Production


GGG go to TOP

HHH go to TOP

III go to TOP

Industrial Waste Processing


Internet

Net Neutrality
FCC Chief Announces Big Win For Net Neutrality Advocates
Open file 9158

JJJ go to TOP

KKK go to TOP

LLL go to TOP

Logging


MMM go to TOP

Mining


Monoculture


NNN go to TOP

OOO go to TOP

PPP go to TOP

Permaculture


Plantation - Rubber


Plantation - Palm Oil


Plantation - Sugar


QQQ go to TOP

RRR go to TOP

Rail Transport


SSS go to TOP

Steel

WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Products/Aluminium/WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014.pdf'
Open PDF ... WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014

Ship Transport


TTT go to TOP

Truck Transport


UUU go to TOP

VVV go to TOP

WWW go to TOP

Water Treatment


XXX go to TOP

YYY go to TOP

ZZZ go to TOP
CORE CONCEPTS of TRUE VALUE ACCOUNTING

PROCESS
THE MAIN DETERMINANT OF SOCIO-ENVIRO-ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY

PROCESS IS EVERYWHERE
The efficiency of PROCESS will determine how well the WORLD works
PROCESS IS EVERYWHERE ...

NOTE: The PROCESS is equivalent to the NODE in context / entity / relationship diagrams. PROCESS is the NODE that is at the center of all person built activities

PROCESS uses inputs (labor, materials, energy, knowhow, natural resources, etc.) and in the process degrades the environment;
PROCESS produces PRODUCTS (goods and services) ... outputs ... that enable good quality of life and living standards.

EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF A PROCESS
This is more than PROFIT ... it incorporates also impact on PEOPLE and PLANET
The EFFICIENCY of the PROCESS determines the IMPACT on PEOPLE and PLANET.
EFFICIENCY is not only the PROFITABILTY of the PROCESS …
… but also how much GOOD IMPACT there is for PEOPLE …
… and how little BAD IMPACT for SOCIETY and the ENVIRONMENT.

CONVENTIONAL MONEY ACCOUNTING IS VERY POWERFUL
HOWEVER ... these accounts ONLY describe economic activity in financial or money terms while completely ignoring impact on everything else.
This graphic shows the relationship between the Balance Sheet at the beginning of the period (BOP) and the Balance Sheet at the end of the period (EOP) and the Profit and Loss Account (P&L Account) for the peiod.

A core feature of double entry accounting is that the change in the balance sheet from the BOP to the EOP is the same as the profit for the period shown by the P&L Account

AUGMENTING CONVENTIONAL ACCOUNTING TO ADD IMPACT
How the TVA data architecture adds IMPACT of the PROCESS in an easy and rigorous manner
Add the GOOD impacts to the accounting, analysis and reporting
Deduct the BAD impacts to the accounting, analysis and reporting
Have GOOD and BAD impacts together

TVA FOR THE SUPPLY CHAIN
How the TVA data architecture adds IMPACT of the performance analysis in the SUPLY CHAIN
PRODUCT AND SUPPLY CHAIN
… The MONEY dimension of the supply chain is routine; however
… The IMPACT of the supply chain on SOCIETY (PEOPLE) and ENVIRONMENT (PLANET) are rarely implemented in a coherent manner.
… This is very big next step!

NEW SECTION
Sub heading
The next slide shows …

… how the money P&L report describes the impact of the money transactions on the money balance sheet of the operation …

… while the IMPACTS of the operations on society and the environment are ignored because they are outside the reporting envelope.
A better framework for reporting would be this …
So think of all this miniaturized:

TO DO ... CHANGE IMAGES TO REFLECT PROCESS / TECHNOLOGY

NEW SECTION
Sub heading
So think of all this miniaturized:

SOME EXAMPLES OF MAJOR PROCESSES USES IN DIFFERENT SECTORS
Sub heading
… and specifically this mean making all the PROCESSES that are used to support our QUALITY OF LIFE more efficient not only to make more PROFIT but also to have a BETTER IMPACT on SOCIETY (PEOPLE) and ENVIRONMENT (PLANET).
For example … OFFICE BUILDINGS ...
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… and a whole lot more.
For example … HEAVY INDUSTRY ...
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… the issue of worker exploitation and workplace safety;
… and a whole lot more.
For example … MINING ...
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… degradation of the land;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… the issue of worker exploitation and workplace safety;
… and a whole lot more.
For example … CONSTRUCTION ...
… attention to the use of ENERGY;
… attention to the matter of EMISSIONS into the atmosphere;
… attention to the matter of waste water and solid matter polluting the environment;
… the issue of worker exploitation and workplace safety;
… and a whole lot more.

SOME CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS
Sub heading
CONCLUDING OBSERVATION ...
… more than anything else improving the EFFICIENCY of PROCESS will change the trajectory of global socio-enviro-economic performance;
… in the past efficiency has simply been about less COSTS and more PROFIT;
… in the future EFFICIENCY has to be about better QUALITY OF LIFE for PEOPLE with very little of no damage to the ENIRONMENT (PLANET)

INTEGRATED FINANCIAL AND IMPACT ACCOUNTING ...
… integration of financial and impact accounting will make it possible for very much better decisions to be made.
… high efficiency can be rewarded and there can be social accountability for bad practices and low efficiency.

CHIEF PERFORMANCE OFFICER
Maybe in the near future it will be possible to rename the CFO (Chief Financial Officer) to be the CPO … the Chief Performance Officer, a C-level position that integrates financial performancewith impact on society (people) and impact on the environment (planet).


Air Conditioning


Aluminium

Aluminium-Supply-Chain-CSAI-Germain-Paper-2006
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Products/Aluminium/Aluminium-Supply-Chain-CSAI-Germain-Paper-2006.pdf'
Open PDF ... Aluminium-Supply-Chain-CSAI-Germain-Paper-2006
WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Products/Aluminium/WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014.pdf'
Open PDF ... WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014

Bauxite Mining

Bauxite Mining ... the first stage in the manufacture of aluminium
Bauxite mining is mainly open cast pit mining. The industry is dominated by large international mining companies from Canada, Australia, Europe and the USA. Bauxirte mining, like any mining is capital intencise and energy intensive.

Computing


Desalination


Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services
About Ecosystem Services ... What are ecosystem services and why do we need them? Some of the many life-support services provided every day by wetlands, forests, grasslands, and oceans include:water filtration; climate regulation; nutrient cycling; pollination; pest control; disease regulation; flood control; and more
Open file 8781

Electricity Generation - Hydro


Electricity Generation - PV Solar


Electricity Generation - Steam / Coal


Electricity Generation - Steam / Natural Gas


Electricity Generation - Steam / Nuclear


Electricity Generation - Steam / Solar


Electricity Generation - Wind


Fracking

API-Hydraulic-Fracturing-Best-Practices
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Energy/Fracking/API-Hydraulic-Fracturing-Best-Practices.pdf'
Open PDF ... API-Hydraulic-Fracturing-Best-Practices
Energy ... Fracking ... USA / Pennsylvania
Time to Stop Pennsylvania Fracking: Ban in New York Creates New Momentum ... Momentum builds in the Keystone State in the wake of its neighbor's surprise announcement.
Open file 8843

Industrial Waste Processing


Internet

Net Neutrality
FCC Chief Announces Big Win For Net Neutrality Advocates
Open file 9158

Logging


Mining


Rail Transport


Steel

WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Products/Aluminium/WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014.pdf'
Open PDF ... WEF-MM-Downstream-Value-Chain-Steel-Aluminium-Scoping-Paper-2014
Steel-Theoretical-Minimum-Energies-Carnegie-Mellon-University-2000
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Process/Steel/Steel-Theoretical-Minimum-Energies-Carnegie-Mellon-University-2000.pdf'
Open PDF ... Steel-Theoretical-Minimum-Energies-Carnegie-Mellon-University-2000

Ship Transport


Truck Transport


Water Treatment



The text being discussed is available at


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