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Date: 2017-10-23 Page is: DBtxt001.php L0300-Deforestation


THE ISSUE OF DEFORESTATION
Vegetables / Meat / Fruit / Chocolate/ Processed Food / Junk Food

Deforestation related to the Palm Oil supply chain
Deforestation related to the Palm Oil supply chain

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) ... an initiative hosted by the World Bank
WB-Forest-Carbon-Partnership-Facility
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Forests/WB/WB-Forest-Carbon-Partnership-Facility.pdf'
Open PDF ... WB-Forest-Carbon-Partnership-Facility
Ending deforestation
7 companies working to end deforestation ... but what about the thousands that are not working to end deforestation
Open file 7014
Environmental Impact and Trade
Trade a driver of Brazilian deforestation ... Trade and global consumption of Brazilian beef and soybeans is increasingly driving Brazilian deforestation.
Open file 8057

High Carbon Stock (HCS)
HCS Convergence Agreement of November 2016
This HCS Convergence Agreement is the outcome of discussions conducted by the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Convergence Working Group (the Group) from October 2015 through November 2016. The Group members committed to work together to develop a single, coherent set of rules for implementation of companies’ commitments to “no deforestation” in their palm oil operations and supply chains. The group focused on developing a single HCS methodology for application to oil palm plantations in fragmented landscapes in moist tropical forest. The Group encourages the HCSA Steering Group to consider adoption of this agreement for application to other commodities, including the possible adaptation and application to other biomes.
The following organizations participated in the Group process and are endorsing this Agreement. They were supported in this process by the chairs of the HCSA Steering Group and the HCS+ Science Study.1  Asian Agri  Cargill  Forest Peoples Programme  Golden Agri-Resources  Greenpeace  IOI  KLK  Musim Mas  Rainforest Action Network  Sime Darby  TFT  Unilever  Union of Concerned Scientists  Wilmar International  WWF
Jim Leape chaired, with process assistance from Meridian Institute and technical assistance from Proforest
Open PDF ... HCS-Convergence-Agreement.pdf
HCS-Approach-Toolkit-Full-version
The question, however, is how plantation companies and farmers can ensure they are not contributing to tropical deforestation with new plantations in order to grow the food, fuel, feed and fibre we need for our growing population. How can we differentiate degraded land potentially suitable for establishing plantations and crops from forest areas that need to be protected? Current approaches such as the High Conservation Value process, greenhouse gas emissions monitoring, participatory mapping and respect for communities’ rights to land and to give or withhold their Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) may slow deforestation and secure peoples’ livelihoods, but they have not stopped all forest clearance. These approaches remain valuable, but they do not delineate all areas of natural forest for which protection is sought, and thus do not provide sufficient guidance for implementing ‘No Deforestation’ policy commitments. There is also a clear need for a practical definition of ‘natural forest’ which can be used in concessions.
In response to this challenge and following a bold commitment to ‘No Deforestation’, Golden Agri-Resources (GAR) in collaboration with Greenpeace and TFT have pioneered a methodology to identify natural forest areas, called the High Carbon Stock Approach. From 2010-2014, processes to define potentially viable areas of tropical forest as well as degraded lands were trialled in Indonesia and Liberia, combining carbon storage, biodiversity conservation and local community rights and livelihoods. In August 2014, a multistakeholder HCS Approach Steering Group was formed to oversee the further development of the methodology and its use in the field.
To standardise and make it available to all practitioners who need it, the Steering Group has published here the HCS methodology as Version One of the HCS Approach Toolkit, to be used in further trials and for broader consultation. We will periodically issue updates to the toolkit, as well as new chapters covering how to conserve, restore and monitor HCS forests. We are very much seeking feedback on the approach, and welcome input to the Steering Group on the implementation of it across different tropical regions in order to strengthen and refine the methodology. The HCS Approach Steering Group is developing a set of ‘Quality Assurance’ requirements for users, and in the interim we ask HCS Approach practitioners to apply the methodology as it is laid out in the toolkit.
To those who will be using the HCS Approach, it is important to note that identifying HCS forests is only one of several critical aspects of land use planning in forest landscapes. Lands vital to local communities, High Conservation Value (HCV) areas and peatlands must also be protected. During the HCS process and in particular the final phase of the methodology, the HCS Approach integrates with these other categories of land use. It therefore relies on high quality HCV assessments, participatory mapping, respect for customary rights and FPIC to arrive at a proposed conservation area plan. In closing, we would like to thank the authors and reviewers who have contributed to this toolkit, and all those who share our vision of the HCS Approach and its contribution to ending deforestation.
Marcus Colchester Forest Peoples Programme
Aida Greenbury Asia Pulp and Paper
Peter Heng Golden Agri-Resources
Scott Poynton TFT
Grant Rosoman Greenpeace
Editorial Committee of the HCS Toolkit, on behalf of the HCS Approach Steering Group
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Deforestation/HCS/HCS-Approach-Toolkit-Full-version.pdf'
Open PDF ... HCS-Approach-Toolkit-Full-version
HCS-High-Carbon-Stock-Approach-by-Grant-Rosoman
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Deforestation/HCS/HCS-High-Carbon-Stock-Approach-by-Grant-Rosoman.pdf'
Open PDF ... HCS-High-Carbon-Stock-Approach-by-Grant-Rosoman

GreenPeace
GreenPeace-High-Carbon-Stock-Forest-Protection-Briefing-2013
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Initiatives/GreenPeace/GreenPeace-High-Carbon-Stock-Forest-Protection-Briefing-2013.pdf'
Open PDF ... GreenPeace-High-Carbon-Stock-Forest-Protection-Briefing-2013
GreenPeace Report - Eating Up the Amazon ... April 2006
THE SCENE:
The Amazon rainforest is one of the most biodiverse regions on earth. It is home to nearly 10% of the world’s mammals1 and a staggering 15% of the world’s known land-based plant species, with as many as 300 species of tree in a single hectare.2 The region is also home to about 220,000 people from 180 different indigenous nations3 who live deep in the rainforest, along with many more traditional forestdependent communities. The rainforest provides these people with everything from food and shelter to tools and medicines, and plays a crucial role in the spiritual life of indigenous peoples. All this is threatened by deforestation and related crimes, committed for the sake of the profits to be made from agricultural commodities such as soya.
THE CRIME:
Since Brazil’s President Lula da Silva came to power in January 2003, nearly 70,000km2 of the Amazon rainforest has been destroyed.4 Between August 2003 and August 2004, 27,200km2 – an area the size of Belgium – was lost. Three-quarters of this destruction was illegal.5 That’s an area 10km long by 7.5km wide lost every day. More than 3km2 every hour. A football pitch every eight seconds.6 In 2004–05 around 1.2 million hectares of soya (5% of the national total) was planted in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest.7 It is well documented that slave labour is used to clear forest for agriculture. Mato Grosso and Pará – the two Amazon states at the leading edge of the soya frontier – are responsible for more than half of all the slaves reported in Brazil.8 Between 2003 and 2004, the Brazilian Government reported nearly 8,700 slaves in the two states. Up to 75% of Brazil’s greenhouse gas emissions result from deforestation – with the majority coming from the clearing and burning of the Amazon rainforest.9 Amazingly, relative to its industrialised size, Brazil is the world’s fourth largest climate polluter.
THE CRIMINALS: Three US-based agricultural commodities giants – Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), Bunge and Cargill – are responsible for about 60% of the total financing of soya production in Brazil. Together, these three companies also control more than three-quarters of the soya crushing capacity in Europe that supplies soya meal and oil to the animal feed market.10 With an estimated 13 silos and an illegal port facility already built into the Amazon rainforest, Cargill is leading soya’s invasion of the region – spurring the incursion of illegal farms and building infrastructure to deliver Amazon soya to global markets. Bunge and ADM are following Cargill’s lead, with an estimated six and four silos respectively in the Amazon.11
PARTNERS IN CRIME:
80% of the world’s soya production is fed to the livestock industry.12 Spiralling demand for soya animal feed from European agribusiness is driving the expansion of the agricultural frontier into the Amazon rainforest. Europe buys half the soya exported from the Amazon state of Mato Grosso, where 90% of rainforest soya is grown. Meat reared on rainforest soya finds its way onto supermarket shelves and fast food counters across Europe.
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Deforestation/GreenPeace/GreenPeace-eating-up-the-amazon.pdf'
Open PDF ... GreenPeace-eating-up-the-amazon

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)
Drivers-of-Deforestation-Report-for-REDD-Policy-Makers
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Deforestation/REDD/Drivers-of-Deforestation-Report-for-REDD-Policy-Makers.pdf'
Open PDF ... Drivers-of-Deforestation-Report-for-REDD-Policy-Makers

Deforestation ... Palm Oil Plantations
Environmental-Investigation-Agency-UK-Who-Watches-the-Watchmen-2015
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Agriculture/PalmOil/Environmental-Investigation-Agency-UK-Who-Watches-the-Watchmen-2015.pdf'
Open PDF ... Environmental-Investigation-Agency-UK-Who-Watches-the-Watchmen-2015

Companies having Impact on Deforestation

IOI

IOI is a Malaysian palm oil producer, refiner and trader, whose business segments include palm oil plantations, refineries, related manufacturing activities, and real estate. IOI’s main businesses are undertaken by IOI Corporation (IOI:MK) in the upstream and downstream palm oil business and IOI Properties Group Bhd in the real estate business.
Both segments are publicly listed as separate entities on Bursa Malaysia. IOI’s current market cap is $7.2 billion1, positioning the company among the largest in the sector.
Statement on Amnesty International Report “The Great Palm Oil Scandal”
02/12/2016, Corporate Communications
One of the principles of our Sustainable Palm Oil Policy (SPOP) is based on building traceable supply chains such that all suppliers are also in compliance with our commitments as contained in our Policy on Environmental Management, Human Rights and Workplace as well as Community Development and Social Impact. Respecting the rights of all workers is one of the key commitments of IOI’s SPOP.
Specifically, IOI Group is committed: To eliminate all forms of illegal, forced, bonded, compulsory or child labor and in particular, follow responsible recruitment practices.
We view with deep concern the findings in the Amnesty International Report relating to alleged labor abuses on plantations owned by certain companies. As the companies mentioned in the report are part of our supply chain through our trading partners, we are monitoring the situation closely and will take the appropriate actions. These actions involve asking our trading partners to share with us their action plans as well as monitoring the progress of implementation of their action plans.
We understand that labor issues are complex and require collaboration among the industry members and other stakeholders to resolve. We are committed to using our voice and influence to address this matter and to working together with relevant stakeholders for a constructive approach to improve the issues at hand.
Dr. Surina Ismail Group Head of Sustainability

Krispy Kreme
Krispy-Kreme-palm-oil-deforestation-160718
'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Companies/KrispyKreme/Krispy-Kreme-palm-oil-deforestation-160718.pdf'
Open PDF ... Krispy-Kreme-palm-oil-deforestation-160718
Sum of Us / Palm Oil / Krisply Kreme
Activism / Sum of Us / Deforestation / Palm Oil / Krispy Kreme / Supply Chain / Materials / Accountability / Donuts
Open file 11548

Mendelez
Deforestation related to palm oil ... How Mondelez translates supply chains policy into business success
Innovation Forum Webinar ... 24 November 2016
Jonathan Horrell and Ian Welsh
Commodity to consumer products is a complex chain. Jonathan Horrell from Mondelez talks with Innovation Forum's Ian Welsh about what a good palm oil action plan should look like and how to use it to implement progress on the ground, why 'sustainability' goals need to be fully integrated into all business functions, the pros and cons of cross-sector collaboration initiatives such as the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil and why brands take consumer trust for granted at their peril

Unilever

Deforestation
Progress or not?
Nestle, PepsiCo, and other big corporations promised to protect forests. Who’s following through?
Open file 11556
Deforestation
The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)
The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) ... Completely Worthless, or Just Mostly Worthless?
Open file 11557
Chain Reaction Research ... CRR-IOI-suspension-analysis-May-2016
Progress (or lack of) towards accountability in the palm oil supply chain in South East Asia 'http://truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Initiatives/CRR/CRR-IOI-suspension-analysis-May-2016.pdf'
Open PDF ... CRR-IOI-suspension-analysis-May-2016




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