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Date: 2019-06-24 Page is: DBtxt001.php L0200-OG-COOPERATIVES


ORGANIZATIONS / INITIATIVES
COOPERATIVES / COLLECTIVES / MUTUALS

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About COOPERATIVES / COLLECTIVES / MUTUAL ORGANIZATIONS go to TOP

What is a cooperative?
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is 'an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise'.[1]
'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooperative'
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What is a collective?
A collective is a group of entities that share or are motivated by at least one common issue or interest, or work together to achieve a common objective.[citation needed] Collectives can differ from cooperatives in that they are not necessarily focused upon an economic benefit or saving, but can be that as well. For political purposes, a collective is defined by decentralized, or 'majority-rules' decision making styles.
'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collective'
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What is a mutual organization?
A mutual, mutual organization, or mutual society is an organization (which is often, but not always, a company or business) based on the principle of mutuality.
Unlike a true cooperative, members usually do not contribute to the capital of the company by direct investment, but derive their right to profits and votes through their customer relationship. A mutual organization or society is often simply referred to as a mutual.
A mutual exists with the purpose of raising funds from its membership or customers (collectively called its members), which can then be used to provide common services to all members of the organization or society. A mutual is therefore owned by, and run for the benefit of, its members - it has no external shareholders to pay in the form of dividends, and as such does not usually seek to maximize and make large profits or capital gains. Mutuals exist for the members to benefit from the services they provide and often do not pay income tax.[1]

'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mutual_organization'
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Types of groups
Collectives are sometimes characterised by attempts to share and exercise political and social power and to make decisions on a consensus-driven and egalitarian basis.
A commune or intentional community, which may also be known as a 'collective household', is a group of people who live together in some kind of dwelling or residence, or in some other arrangement (e.g. sharing land). Collective households may be organized for a specific purpose (e.g. relating to business, parenting, or some other shared interest).
Artist collectives, including musical collectives, are typically a collection of individuals with similar interests in producing and documenting art as a group. These groups can range in size from a few people to thousands of members. The style of art produced can have vast differences. Motivations can be for a common cause or individually motivated purposes. Some collectives are simply people who enjoy painting with someone else and have no other goals or motivations for forming their collective.
A Worker cooperative is a type of horizontal collectivism wherein a business functions as a partnership of individual professionals, recognizing them as equals and rewarding them for their expertise. The working collective aims to reduce costs to clients while maintaining healthy rewards for participating partners. This is accomplished by eliminating the operating costs that are needed to support levels of management.

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History ... the Plunkett Foundation
Plunkett Foundation helps communities to take control of their challenges and overcome them together. We support people, predominantly in rural areas, to set up and run life-changing community co-operatives; enterprises that are owned and run democratically by large numbers of people in their community. They help people to tackle a range of issues, from isolation and loneliness to poverty, and come in many forms including shops, cafes, pubs and land-based initiatives, and everything in between.
Sir Horace PlunkettOur core values are the values of the great Irish co-operative pioneer, Sir Horace Plunkett, who founded Plunkett Foundation in 1919. He believed that rural communities didn’t have to wait for someone else to make life better for them; they had the potential to do it themselves – with a little help. His values are embedded in the heart of what we do:
• We seek economic solutions to create social change
• We seek solutions that enrich rural community life
• We see self-help as the most effective way to tackle rural needs
Who was Sir Horace?
Sir Horace was a truly extradordinary man. Born in 1854, the son of an Irish peer, he graduated from Oxford and spent 10 years cattle-ranching in America’s Rocky Mountains. Returning to Ireland after his father's death in 1889, he became concerned with the survival of Irish farmers, still emerging from mid-century famine and increasingly beset by competition from Europe and the USA.
When Sir Horace established a co-operative butter-making industry in southwest Ireland farmers soon realised the benefits of controlling the production and marketing of their staple commodity. In 1894 he founded the Irish Agricultural Organisation Society with 33 affiliated dairy co-operative societies or “creameries”. Just four years later there were 947. He continued to work tirelessly for what he believed in, and in 1919 went on to establish the Plunkett Foundation.
Where do we work today?
Today we continue to take forward the passion of our founder and help predominantly rural communities to use co-operation to save what's important to them. Our team of core staff and specialist advisers are based across the UK and Ireland and we offer support to communities wherever we can.
We're also proud members of the international co-operative movement, members of the International Co-operative Alliance, International Co-operative Agriculture Organisation, Co-operatives Europe and Co-operatives UK.
Our partners
We're really proud of the work we do to help rural communities to set up life-changing community co-operatives. But we couldn't do it alone. We work with some fantastic funders and partners on our programmes, from the Prince's Countryside Fund, the Esmee Fairbairn Foundation, the Power to Change Trust and Big Lottery Fund to Locality, Co-operatives UK and Sustain. If you'd like to find out more about our partners, or you'd like to find out how we can work together, please get in touch with us.

'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plunkett_Foundation'
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History ... the Rochdale Movement
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rochdale_Society_of_Equitable_Pioneers
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