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Date: 2021-01-15 Page is: DBtxt001.php L020-OG-ORGANIZATION-TYPES

ORGANIZATIONS
MANY, MANY DIFFERENT TYPES OF ORGANIZATIONS
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NOTE
WORK IN PROGRESS ... TO DO ... REFORMAT THIS MATERIAL TO DESCRIBE THE MANY DIFFERENT STRUCTURES AND PURPOSES OF ORGANIZATIONS ... HOW THEY HAVE BECOME SPECIALIZED ... WHY THEY HAVE BECOME SPECIALIZED.
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The Characteristics of Organizations
Open L070-OG-ORGANIZATIONS

MANY DIFERENT TYPES OF ORGANIZATIONS

Banking and Financial Services
Essential ... and at the same time a root cause of some of the socio enviro economic dysfunction
Open L0200-OG-BANKS-FINANCIAL-SERVICES
Characteristics of this segment Open L0700-OG-BANKS-FINANCIAL-SERVICES
Companies of interest in the FINANCE segment ...
Most of these organizations are working in the 'impact investing' space in various capacities
Open L0200-OG-FINANCE
Companies ...
in manufacturing, resource extraction, distribution, etc. (not banking)
Open L0200-OG-COMPANIES
Multi-Jurisdication-Companies
Multi-Jurisdication-Companies ... mainly to avoid taxation and regulation
Open L0200-OG-Multi-Jurisdication-Companies
Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEs)
Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEs) ... vital for a vibrant community
Open L0200-OG-SMEs
Regulators ...
in manufacturing, resource extraction, distribution, etc. (not banking)
Open L0200-OG-Regulators
Cooperatives
an old and important idea that has been sidelined in favor of investor owned and investor benefit organizations
Open L0200-OG-COOPERATIVES
Government Agencies
an old and important idea that has been sidelined in favor of investor owned and investor benefit organizations
Open L0200-OG-GOVT-AGENCIES
Healthcare
a big part of the modern economy but badly managed and badly served by prevailing management metrics and politics
Open L0200-OG-HEALTHCARE
International Development Assistance / Humanitarian Relief
a part of the organizational ecosystem that should not be needed
Open L0200-OG-IDA-Humanitarian-Relief
Initiatives ...
The critical first step in implementing an idea
Open L0200-OG-INITIATIVES
Markets
an important part of the economic system, but increasingly gamed to create financial wealth while doing nothing for the real economy
Open L0200-OG-MARKETS
Multilaterial Organizations (MLOs)
International Development Banks / Intergovernmental Agencies / etc.
Open L0200-OG-MLOs
Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) / Not for Profits
a part of the organizational ecosystem that draws attention to problems but can do little to fix them
Open L0200-OG-NGOs-NPOs
Professional Firms
professional firms serve to advise in areas such as law, accountancy and consultancy
Open L0200-OG-PROFESSIONAL-FIRMS
Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs)
an important part of the economic ecosystem, but only a part and in many ways a constraint on progress
Open L0200-OG-SMEs
Think Tanks / Policy Analysis Organizations
sometimes very useful, but often merely a way to promote political ideology without addressing underlying ctitical issues
Open L0200-OG-THINK-TANKS

Brands
increasingly the consumer facing identity of a corporate organization ... often used to hide reality
Open L0200-OG-BRANDS
Networks / Platforms
enabled by technology, but ability to grow does not correlate well with ability to do worthwhile things
Open L0200-OG-NETWORKS
PRIVATE SECTOR ORGANIZATIONS
MANY DIFFERENT FORMS TO SUIT DIFFERENT PURPOSES AND SITUATIONS

A successful society needs ORGANIZATION and ORGANIZATIONS. There are many different forms of organization with very different socio-enviro-economic imnpact. Metrics about organizational performance have been goood for investors but less good for society and the environment. The purpose of TVA is to even this playing field.
Open L0200-ORGS-MAIN
NAVIGATION
Banking and Financial Services
Essential ... and at the same time a root cause of some of the socio enviro economic dysfunction
Open L0700-OG-BANKS-FINANCE
Open L0700-SS-BF-BANKING-FINANCE
Open L0200-OG-BANKS-FINANCIAL-SERVICES
Companies ...
in manufacturing, resource extraction, distribution, etc. (not banking)
Open L0700-RE-COMPANIES
Open L0200-OG-COMPANIES
Cooperatives / Collectives
an old and important idea that has been sidelined in favor of investor owned and investor benefit organizations
Open L0700-RE-COOPERATIVES
Open L0200-OG-COOPERATIVES
Government Agencies
an old and important idea that has been sidelined in favor of investor owned and investor benefit organizations
Open L0700-RE-ORGS-GOVERNMENT
Open L0200-OG-GOVT-AGENCIES
Healthcare
a big part of the modern economy but badly managed and badly served by prevailing management metrics and politics
Open L0700-RE-HEALTHCARE
Open L0200-OG-HEALTHCARE
International Development Assistance / Humanitarian Assistance
a part of the organizational ecosystem that should not be needed
Open L0700-RE-HUMANITARIAN-RELIEF
Open L0200-OG-IDA-HR
Initiatives ...
The critical first step in implementing an idea
Open L0700-RE-INITIATIVES
Open L0200-OG-INITIATIVES
Markets
an important part of the economic system, but increasingly gamed to create financial wealth while doing nothing for the real economy
Open L0700-RE-MARKETS
Open L0200-OG-MARKETS
Multilaterial Organizations (MLOs)
International Development Banks / Intergovernmental Agencies / etc.
Open L0700-RE-MLOs
Open L0200-OG-MLOs
Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) / Not for Profits
a part of the organizational ecosystem that draws attention to problems but can do little to fix them
Open L0700-RE-ORGS-NGOs
Open L0200-OG-NGOs-NPOs

Professional Firms
professional firms serve to advise in areas such as law, accountancy and consultancy
Open L0700-RE-PROFESSIONAL-FIRMS Open L0200-OG-PROFESSIONAL-FIRMS
Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs)
an important part of the economic ecosystem, but only a part and in many ways a constraint on progress
Open L0700-RE-ORGS-SMEs Open L0200-OG-SMEs
Think Tanks / Policy Analysis Organizations
sometimes very useful, but often merely a way to promote political ideology without addressing underlying ctitical issues
Open L0700-RE-THINK-TANKS Open L0200-OG-THINK-TANKS

Brands
increasingly the consumer facing identity of a corporate organization ... often used to hide reality
Open L0200-OG-BRANDS
Networks / Platforms
enabled by technology, but ability to grow does not correlate well with ability to do worthwhile things
Open L0200-OG-NETWORKS
NAVIGATION -- > ABOUT THE GROUPS TO SPECIFIC ORGANIZATIONS
Banking and Financial Services
Essential ... and at the same time a root cause of some of the socio enviro economic dysfunction
Open L0700-ORGS-BANKS-FINANCE Open L0200-ORGS-BANKS-FINANCIAL-SERVICES
BANKS AND FINANCIAL SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS
PROVIDE A VITAL SERVICE FOR SOCIETY BUT DO NOT GENERATE VALUE ADD ... THERE PROFITS ARE A BIG COST TO SOCIETY
Money, banking and financial services are a critical lubricant for the socio-enviro-economic system, but are neither the engine nor the essential fuel!
Open L0200-ORGS-BANKS-FINANCIAL-SERVICES
Companies ...
in manufacturing, resource extraction, distribution, etc. (not banking)
Open L0700-RE-COMPANIES Open L0200-ORGS-COMPANIES
COMPANIES ... BIG DOMINANT MULTISTATE COMPANIES
BIG COMPANIES DOMINATE THE MODERN SOCIO-ENVIRO-ECONOMIC SYSTEM ... THEIR EFFICIENCY IS A KEY DRIVER OF PROGRESS
Because of their scale they have an outsize impact on the system as a whole. The performance of companies has been a key to major change in the past and will continue into the future. The profit measure served well in the past, but this has changed and a more refined set of measures is required for an efficient future ... that is True Value Accounting
Open L0200-ORGS-COMPANIES GO SlideNav-for-TVA #OCN
Cooperatives / Collectives
an old and important idea that has been sidelined in favor of investor owned and investor benefit organizations
Open L0700-RE-COOPERATIVES Open L0200-ORGS-COOPERATIVES
Government Agencies
an old and important idea that has been sidelined in favor of investor owned and investor benefit organizations
Open L0700-RE-ORGS-GOVERNMENT Open L0200-ORGS-GOVT-AGENCIES
Healthcare
a big part of the modern economy but badly managed and badly served by prevailing management metrics and politics
Open L0700-RE-HEALTHCARE Open L0200-ORGS-HEALTHCARE
International Development Assistance / Humanitarian Assistance
a part of the organizational ecosystem that should not be needed
Open L0700-RE-HUMANITARIAN-RELIEF Open L0200-ORGS-IDA-HR
Initiatives ...
The critical first step in implementing an idea
Open L0700-RE-INITIATIVES Open L0200-ORGS-INITIATIVES
Markets
an important part of the economic system, but increasingly gamed to create financial wealth while doing nothing for the real economy
Open L0700-RE-MARKETS Open L0200-ORGS-MARKETS
Multilaterial Organizations (MLOs)
International Development Banks / Intergovernmental Agencies / etc.
Open L0700-RE-MLOs Open L0200-ORGS-MLOs
Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) / Not for Profits
a part of the organizational ecosystem that draws attention to problems but can do little to fix them
Open L0700-RE-ORGS-NGOs Open L0200-ORGS-NGOs-NPOs
NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOs) / NOT FOR PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS (NPOs)
AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE SOCIO-ENVIRO-ECONOMIC SYSTEM BUT WEAK BECAUSE OF INADEQUATE ACCESS TO RESOURCES
These institutions have an important role in the delivery of humanitarian assistance and development aid.
Open L0200-ORGS-NGOs-NPOs
Professional Firms
professional firms serve to advise in areas such as law, accountancy and consultancy
Open L0700-RE-PROFESSIONAL-FIRMS Open L0200-ORGS-PROFESSIONAL-FIRMS
Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs)
an important part of the economic ecosystem, but only a part and in many ways a constraint on progress
Open L0700-RE-ORGS-SMEs Open L0200-ORGS-SMEs
SMALL BUSINESS / SMEs
AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE SOCIO-ENVIRO-ECONOMIC SYSTEM BUT OFTEN INEFFICIENT AND DISADVANTAGED
Small business is an important part of a community, but seriously disadvantaged relative to the efficienty of the very large corporate organizations
Open L0200-ORGS-SMEs
COOPERATIVES
A FORM OF ORGANIZATION THAT PUTS STAKEHOLDERS OTHER THAN THE INVESTORS AT THE CENTER
Cooperatives have proved to be an effective form of organization for society, but less popular with the investment community
Open L0200-ORGS-COOPERATIVES
Think Tanks / Policy Analysis Organizations
sometimes very useful, but often merely a way to promote political ideology without addressing underlying ctitical issues
Open L0700-RE-THINK-TANKS Open L0200-ORGS-THINK-TANKS
THINK TANKS / POLICY RESEARCH
A USEFUL PART OF A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY UNLESS THEY ARE DRIVEN BY IDEOLOGY RATHER THAN RESEARCH AND FACTS
These institutions have an important role in providing politicians with talking points and a basis for legislation
Open L0200-ORGS-THINK-TANKS

Brands
increasingly the consumer facing identity of a corporate organization ... often used to hide reality
Open L0200-ORGS-BRANDS
Networks / Platforms
enabled by technology, but ability to grow does not correlate well with ability to do worthwhile things
Open L0200-ORGS-NETWORKS

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE / HUMANITARIAN RELIEF
AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE SOCIO-ENVIRO-ECONOMIC SYSTEM BUT WEAK BECAUSE OF INADEQUATE ACCESS TO RESOURCES
These institutions have an important role in the delivery of humanitarian assistance and development aid.
Open L0200-ORGS-IDA-HR

MARKETS
Markets are central to the idea of a free economy, but the way markets work in the modern enviro-socio-ecomomic system is not the way free markets really work. Understanding the way modern markets are working is an important part of understanding how the modern enviro-soci-economic system works and how things need to be changed.
Open L0200-ORGS-MARKETS

ORGANIZATIONS - PUBLIC SECTOR GO TOP
MULTIPLE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT, STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES, PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS
A successful society needs ORGANIZATION and ORGANIZATIONS. There are many different forms of organization with very different socio-enviro-economic imnpact. Metrics about organizational performance have been goood for investors but less good for society and the environment. The purpose of TVA is to even this playing field.
MULTILATERAL and INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
like the WORLD BANK, the UNITED NATIONS, REGIONAL GROUPINGS
These institutions have an important role in providing a framework of governance that goes beyond national boundaries
Open L0200-ORGS-MLOs
GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS, AGENCIES AND PROGRAMS
Many things are best done by government, but these things should be done efficiently. Low efficiency, poor accounting, accountability and transparency are big issues in government. Government has a poor track record in handling corruption at all levels.
Open L0200-ORGS-GOVT-AGENCIES
THE MILITARY
The MILITARY and the MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX have become very large and very powerful. They absorb a huge amount of wealth, and it is not clear whether the value fo the military establishment justifies these costs.
Open L0700-SI-MILITARY-INDUSTRY-COMPLEX
POLICE, COURTS AND PRISONS
The JUSTICE SYSTEM comprising POLICE, COURTS AND PRISONS needs to deter crime, to punish and to rehabilitate. Some police capabilities and performance are exceptional while some police behavior is reprehensible. These are important elements of a just and civilized society.
Open L0700-SI-POLICE


BRANDS
In many case the BRAND is more important to the consumer than the product. Brand reputation is one of the main connections that a seller has with the customer, and this is enabled and maintained by the advertising industry. Loss of brand reputation is a major risk for every organization that sells using brand identity.
Open L0200-ORGS-BRANDS

INDUSTRIES ... THIS SHOULD PROBABLY BE MOVED !!!!!!!!!!!!!
Industries are similar to sectors. Compared to a sector, an industry has more focus. There may be several industries within a sector. Companies identify with an industry.
Open list0300-INDUSTRIES

FUNCTIONS
FUNCTIONS ... as in accountancy, law, architecture, music, engineering, health, teachers, etc.

Corporate Governance for a Changing World
Purpose of the Corporation Project, an initiative of Frank Bold with the support of the Modern Corporation Project at Cass Business School, launched the Corporate Governance for a Changing World Roundtable Series on corporate governance
'http://www.truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Corporate-Purpose/Corporate-Purpose-SSRN-id2805497.pdf'
Open PDF ... Corporate Governance for a Changing World
gia-article-christopher-halburd

'http://www.truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Corporate-Purpose/gia-article-christopher-halburd.pdf'
Open PDF ... gia-article-christopher-halburd
Sustainable-Companies-Shareholder-Primacy.pdf

'http://www.truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Corporate-Purpose/Sustainable-Companies-Shareholder-Primacy.pdf'
Open PDF ... Sustainable-Companies-Shareholder-Primacy
Veldman-2010-The-Corporate-Condition

'http://www.truevaluemetrics.org/DBpdfs/Corporate-Purpose/Veldman-2010-The-Corporate-Condition.pdf'
Open PDF ... Veldman-2010-The-Corporate-Condition

FORMS OF ORGANIZATION GO TOP

Many Forms of Organization
ORGANIZATION
THE IDEA OF ORGANIZATION / BIG PROJECTS TAKE ORGANIZATION / THINK THE PYRAMIDS IN EGYPT

WITHOUT ORGANIZATION THERE IS CHAOS. There are many ways to organize, but the primary goal of organization is to do something with efficiency. Measurement is an essential part of effective organization.

Benefit Corporations (B-Corp)
Not all jurisdictions in the United States allow incorporation as a 'benefit' corporation.
In my experience managers of for profit organizations have been concerned that they are constrained from 'doing good' when it is likely that doing good will degrade theire profit performance. Accordingly they have welcomed the idea of the 'benefit corporation' where it becomes possible for the mission of the organization to include doing good even where it iwll degrade profit performance.
Certified Benefit Corporations
Certification is provided by B-Lab according to an evolving standard. It is valid for two years. The certification is available no matter what the form of organization and the jurisdiction of the incorporation.
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The differences between the incorporated Benefit Corp and the certified Benefit Corporation



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